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-R-M (Modern Hebrew: ח–ר–מ;[1][2] Arabic: ح–ر–م)[3] is the triconsonantal root of many Semitic words, and many of those words are used as names. The basic meaning expressed by the root translates as "forbidden".[4][5]: 471 




  • Maḥram (Arabic: مَـحْـرَم, "forbidden", "unmarriageable (kinsman)", also "no need to cover" (see also types of hijab), or an unforbidden person within the family)
  • Iḥrâm (Arabic: إِحْـرَام); Hajj cloth, and the state of ritual consecration
  • Ḥarīm (Arabic: حَـرِيْـم, "forbidden precinct"); women's area in a house, forbidden for non-Mahram men
  • Ḥarām (Arabic: حَـرَام); ritually impure, or a forbidden thing[4][5]
  • Ḥaram (Arabic: حَـرَم); sanctuary

Hebrew and Aramaic concepts[edit]

  • Ḥerem or Cherem (Hebrew: חרם,[1] pl. Ḥāremōṫ (Hebrew: חָרְמוֹת) or Ḥarāmôṫ (Hebrew: חֲרָמוֹת));[2] a term with several applications
  • Haḥrāmah (Hebrew: הַחְרָמָה);[6][7] Confiscation (civil law)

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b מוֹרפיקס (in Hebrew), Morfix.co.il, 2000–2018, retrieved 2018-03-25
  2. ^ a b התקבלו 5 פירושים במילון לחרמות (in Hebrew), Milog.co.il, retrieved 2018-03-25, Hebrew dictionary
  3. ^ a b c Quran 5:1-96
  4. ^ a b Adamec, Ludwig (2009). Historical Dictionary of Islam, 2nd Edition. Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press, Inc. p. 102. ISBN 9780810861619.
  5. ^ a b c Mohammad Taqi al-Modarresi (26 March 2016). The Laws of Islam (PDF). Enlight Press. ISBN 978-0994240989. Retrieved 22 December 2017.
  6. ^ מוֹרפיקס (in Hebrew), Morfix.co.il, 2000–2018, retrieved 2018-03-25
  7. ^ הַחְרָמָה (in Hebrew), Milog.co.il, retrieved 2018-03-25