Eight freestanding gates called al-Mawazin (see names below) are located at the top of the staircases leading to the platform (maṣṭaba) of the Dome of the Rock from the surrounding courtyard (ṣaḥn) below. Each gate consists of open arches supported by 2 to 4 columns, set between two pilasters.
They are also simply called qanaṭir (قناطر, lit. 'arches', plural of قنطرة), i.e., arcades or arched colonnades. People also call them bā’ika (بائكة) and bawā’ik (بوائك) – also meaning "arcade".
Dates of construction
With the exception of the arcades bearing inscriptions which attest that they date back to the Mamluk period, the others probably predate the Crusades, but their dating is difficult. However, it is very likely that some Mawâzim date back to the period of the construction of the Dome of the Rock and that they were an integral part of its initial construction plan. In particular, it is thought that the four arcades facing the four entrances were built at the same time as the dome.
The eastern colonnade (midground: Church of Mary Magdalene)
- guide bleu
- DK Eyewitness Travel Guide. Penguin. 2012. pp. 70–71. ISBN 978-0-7566-9550-7.
a widely-accepted Muslim belief, on the day of the Last Judgment, the scales used by God to weigh the souls of humankind will be hung from these arches on the Haram.
- رزق, عاصم محمد (2000). معجم مصطلحات العمارة والفنون الإسلامية (in Arabic). مكتبة مدبولى الصغير. ISBN 978-977-208-259-9.
- ديماند, م س (2018). الفنون الإسلامية (in Arabic). وكاله الصحافه العربيه.
- Gonzalez-Quijano, Yves (2010-09-01). "Jérusalem, capitale « éternelle et indivisible » de la culture arabe?". Méditerranée (114): 131–133. doi:10.4000/mediterranee.4488. ISSN 0025-8296.
- Media related to Al-Mawazin at Wikimedia Commons