Anna Ticho

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Anna Ticho
אנה טיכו
Anna Ticho.jpg
Born(1894-10-27)27 October 1894
Moravia (historical—today in the Czech Republic)
Died1 March 1980(1980-03-01) (aged 85)
MonumentsTicho House
CitizenshipIsraeli
SpouseAvraham Albert Ticho

Anna Ticho (Hebrew: אנה טיכו; 27 October 1894 – 1 March 1980) was an Israeli artist who became famous for her drawings of the Jerusalem hills. The house in Jerusalem that she shared with her husband is now a branch of the Israel Museum and a café.

Biography[edit]

Anna Ticho was born in Brno, Moravia, then part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire (today the Czech Republic). Her mother's name was Bertha. At the age of 15, she began to study drawing in Vienna in an art school under the directorship of Ernst Nowak.[1]

In 1912, Ticho and her mother emigrated from Vienna to what was then the Mutasarrifate of Jerusalem in the Ottoman Empire. Ticho's fiancé, ophthalmologist Avraham Albert Ticho (1883–1960), who was also her first cousin, had emigrated about four months prior. They married on 7 November 1912 in Jerusalem, and settled in their home above the Lemaan Zion Eye Hospital, the hospital which her husband had reopened four months earlier. Ticho worked as her husband's assistant.[2]

The Tichos were exiled to Damascus in December 1917, just days before the British conquest of Jerusalem. There Dr. Ticho entered active service as a medical office in the Austro-Hungarian Empire and Anna worked as a nurse. She developed a severe case of typhus, and during her recovery, Ticho returned to her art by sketching landscape scenes, foreshadowing later mastery of this genre.[3] After the war, the Tichos returned to Jerusalem via a long and circuitous route. In December 1918, Dr. Ticho established a private clinic and hospital there, just to the north of the ruined Lemaan Zion building.[4]

In 1924, the couple purchased a large house surrounded by gardens where they lived and worked. The mansion, known today as Ticho House, was built around 1864, apparently for the Nashashibis, a prominent local family.[5] It had later become the residence of antiquities dealer and forger Wilhelm Moses Shapira.[6] The Tichos hosted local and British government officials in the house, as well as many artists, writers, academics and intellectuals. Toward the end of Ticho's life, she willed the house, her art collection—including many of her own works—and her husband's extensive Judaica collection to the city of Jerusalem.

Ticho had several solo exhibitions in Mandatory Palestine and in Europe from the 1920s through the 1940s.[7] An even greater number of her individual exhibitions took place in the years following World War II.[8]

Ticho died on 1 March 1980. Ticho House today operates as a branch of the Israel Museum, and houses a popular restaurant and café.

Artistic themes[edit]

While the dramatically different light of the Middle East and the starkness of the landscape inhibited her artistic pursuits at first, in the 1930s Ticho went back to drawing and painting. It was then that she produced many of the distinctive drawings of the hills of Jerusalem and portraits of local people for which she became well known. Today, Ticho's drawings and watercolors can be found in major museums around the world.

Awards[edit]

Selected solo exhibitions[edit]

Selected public collections[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Reifler, David M. Days of Ticho: Empire, Mandate, Medicine, and Art in the Holy Land. Jerusalem: Gefen Publishing House, 2015/5775, p 22. ISBN 978-965-229-665-8.
  2. ^ Reifler. Days of Ticho, p 81.
  3. ^ Reifler. Days of Ticho, p 181.
  4. ^ Reifler. Days of Ticho, p 198.
  5. ^ "Jerusalem Attractions". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 2007-10-29.
  6. ^ Reifler. Days of Ticho, p 248.
  7. ^ Reifler, Days of Ticho, p 466.
  8. ^ Salmon, Irit. Anna Ticho, 1894-1980. Jewish Women: A Comprehensive Historical Encyclopedia. Retrieved January 4, 2015.
  9. ^ "Recipients of Yakir Yerushalayim award (in Hebrew)". Archived from the original on 2013-10-22. City of Jerusalem official website
  10. ^ "Israel Prize Official Site – Recipients in 1980 (in Hebrew)".

External links[edit]