Coordinates: 46°27′0″N 25°3′0″E / 46.45000°N 25.05000°E / 46.45000; 25.05000
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Location in Harghita County
Location in Harghita County
Atid is located in Romania
Location in Romania
Coordinates: 46°27′0″N 25°3′0″E / 46.45000°N 25.05000°E / 46.45000; 25.05000
 • Mayor (2020–2024) Attila Szilveszter[1] (UDMR)
140.28 km2 (54.16 sq mi)
 • Density18/km2 (48/sq mi)
Time zoneEET/EEST (UTC+2/+3)
Postal code
Area code+40 266
Vehicle reg.HR

Atid (Hungarian: Etéd, pronounced [ˈɛteːd] ) is a commune in Harghita County, Romania. It lies in the Székely Land, an ethno-cultural region in eastern Transylvania. The route of the Via Transilvanica long-distance trail passes through the village of Inlăceni, which is administered by Atid commune.

Component villages[edit]

The commune is composed of five villages:

In Romanian In Hungarian
Atid Etéd Listen
Crișeni Kőrispatak Listen
Cușmed Küsmöd Listen
Inlăceni Énlaka Listen
Șiclod Siklód Listen


From ancient times the area was populated by Dacians. After the Roman conquest of Dacia, the Romans imposed their control in the area by constructing a fort known as Praetoria Augusta in Inlăceni village. The fort was discovered in 1858.

18th century map

The villages were historically part of the Székely Land region of Transylvania province. They belonged to Udvarhely district until the administrative reform of Transylvania in 1876, when they fell within Udvarhely County in the Kingdom of Hungary. After the Treaty of Trianon of 1920, they became part of Romania and fell within Odorhei County during the interwar period. In 1940, the second Vienna Award granted Northern Transylvania to Hungary, which held it until 1944. After Soviet occupation, the Romanian administration returned, and the commune became officially part of Romania in 1947. Between 1952 and 1960, the commune was part of the Magyar Autonomous Region, between 1960 and 1968 the Mureș-Magyar Autonomous Region. In 1968, the province was abolished, and since then, the commune has been part of Harghita County.

The Reformed church was built in 1802, on the site of a 17th-century church destroyed in the great fire of 8 September 1792. The Roman Catholic parish church was built in 1876 in honor of St. Michael. Its tower was completed in 1889. The village used to be famous for its weekly fairs.


The commune has an absolute Székely Hungarian majority. According to the 2002 census it has a population of 2,837 of which 98.37% or 2,791 are Hungarian.[3][4]



Atid (Hungarian: Etéd) had 1228 inhabitants at the 2011.


Inlăceni (Hungarian: Énlaka, Hungarian pronunciation: [ˈeːnlɒkɒ]) had 228 inhabitants in 1992, all of them Székely Hungarians. As in the village's vicinity, most inhabitants belong to the Unitarian Church of Transylvania.[5]


  1. ^ "Results of the 2020 local elections". Central Electoral Bureau. Retrieved 9 June 2021.
  2. ^ "Populaţia rezidentă după grupa de vârstă, pe județe și municipii, orașe, comune, la 1 decembrie 2021" (XLS). National Institute of Statistics.
  3. ^ "Blandware CMS 0.52 ~ Census of population and dwellings 2002". Archived from the original on 2010-06-06. Retrieved 2010-05-30.
  4. ^ "Etnikai statisztikák" (in Hungarian). Árpád E. Varga. Retrieved 2010-06-15.
  5. ^ Árpád E. Varga: Ethnic statistics