|Headquarters||30303 1 CNN Center,|
|Picture format||1080i (HDTV)|
(downscaled to letterboxed 480i for the SDTV feed)
|Launched||June 1, 1980|
The Cable News Network (CNN) is a multinational cable news channel headquartered in Atlanta, Georgia, U.S. It is owned by CNN Global, which is part of Warner Bros. Discovery. It was founded in 1980 by American media proprietor Ted Turner and Reese Schonfeld as a 24-hour cable news channel. Upon its launch in 1980, CNN was the first television channel to provide 24-hour news coverage and the first all-news television channel in the United States.
As of September 2018, CNN had 90.1 million television households as subscribers (97.7% of households with cable). According to Nielsen, in June 2021 CNN ranked third in viewership among cable news networks, behind Fox News and MSNBC, averaging 580,000 viewers throughout the day, down 49% from a year earlier, amid sharp declines in viewers across all cable news networks. While CNN ranked 14th among all basic cable networks in 2019, then jumped to 7th during a major surge for the three largest cable news networks (completing a rankings streak of Fox News at number 5 and MSNBC at number 6 for that year), it settled back to number 11 in 2021.
Globally, CNN programming has aired through CNN International, seen by viewers in over 212 countries and territories; since May 2019, however, the US domestic version has absorbed international news coverage in order to reduce programming costs. The American version, sometimes referred to as CNN (US), is also available in Canada, some islands of the Caribbean and in Japan, where it was first broadcast on CNNj in 2003, with simultaneous translation in Japanese.
The Cable News Network launched at 5:00 p.m. Eastern Time on June 1, 1980. After an introduction by Ted Turner, the husband and wife team of David Walker and Lois Hart anchored the channel's first newscast. Burt Reinhardt, the executive vice president of CNN, hired most of the channel's first 200 employees, including the network's first news anchor, Bernard Shaw.
Since its debut, CNN has expanded its reach to several cable and satellite television providers, websites, and specialized closed-circuit channels (such as CNN Airport). The company has 42 bureaus (11 domestic, 31 international), more than 900 affiliated local stations (which also receive news and features content via the video newswire service CNN Newsource), and several regional and foreign-language networks around the world. The channel's success made a bona-fide mogul of founder Ted Turner and set the stage for conglomerate Time Warner's (later WarnerMedia which merged with Discovery Inc. forming Warner Bros. Discovery) eventual acquisition of the Turner Broadcasting System in 1996.
CNN's current weekday schedule consists mostly of rolling news programming during daytime hours, followed by in-depth news and information programs during the evening and prime time hours. The network's morning programming consists of Early Start, an early-morning news program hosted by Christine Romans and Laura Jarrett at 5–6 a.m. ET, which is followed by New Day, the network's morning show, hosted by John Berman and Brianna Keilar at 6–9 a.m. ET. Most of CNN's late-morning and early afternoon programming consists of CNN Newsroom, a rolling news program hosted by Jim Sciutto and Poppy Harlow in the morning and Ana Cabera, Victor Blackwell, and Alisyn Camerota in the afternoon. In between the editions of Newsroom, At This Hour with Kate Bolduan airs at 11 a.m. to noon Eastern, followed by Inside Politics with John King, hosted by John King at noon Eastern.
CNN's late afternoon and early evening lineup consists of The Lead with Jake Tapper, hosted by Jake Tapper at 4–6 p.m. ET, and The Situation Room with Wolf Blitzer, hosted by Wolf Blitzer at 6 p.m. ET. The network's evening and primetime lineup shifts towards more in-depth programming, including Erin Burnett OutFront at 7 p.m. ET, Anderson Cooper 360° at 8 p.m. ET, and Don Lemon Tonight at 10 p.m. Eastern.
Weekend primetime – from 9 p.m. ET – is dedicated mostly to factual programming, such as documentary specials and miniseries, and documentary-style reality series (such as Anthony Bourdain: Parts Unknown and United Shades of America), as well as acquired documentary films presented under the banner CNN Films. The network's weekend morning programming consists of CNN Newsroom (simulcast from CNN International) at 4–6 a.m. ET, which is followed by the weekend editions of New Day, hosted by Christi Paul and Boris Sanchez, which airs every Saturday at 6–9 a.m. ET and Sunday at 6–8 a.m. ET, and the network's Saturday program Smerconish with Michael Smerconish at 9 a.m. Eastern. Sunday morning lineup consists primarily of political talk shows, including Inside Politics Sunday, hosted by Abby Phillip at 8 a.m. Eastern and State of the Union, co-hosted by Jake Tapper and Dana Bash at 9 a.m. Eastern and replayed at noon Eastern and the international affairs program Fareed Zakaria GPS, hosted by Fareed Zakaria at 10 a.m. Eastern and replayed at 1 p.m. Eastern. Weekend programming other than aforementioned slots is filled with CNN Newsroom by Fredricka Whitfield, Jim Acosta, Pamela Brown, and other rolling anchors.
For the 2014–15 season, after cancelling Piers Morgan Tonight (which, itself, replaced the long-running Larry King Live), CNN experimented with running factual and reality-style programming during the 9:00 p.m. ET hour, such as John Walsh's The Hunt, This Is Life with Lisa Ling, and Mike Rowe's Somebody's Gotta Do It. Then-president Jeff Zucker explained that this new lineup was intended to shift CNN away from a reliance on pundit-oriented programs, and attract younger demographics to the network. Zucker stated that the 9:00 p.m. hour could be pre-empted during major news events for expanded coverage. These changes coincided with the introduction of a new imaging campaign for the network, featuring the slogan "Go there". In May 2014, CNN premiered The Sixties, a documentary miniseries produced by Tom Hanks, and Gary Goetzman which chronicled the United States in the 1960s. Owing to its success, CNN commissioned follow-ups focusing on other decades. Anderson Cooper 360° was expanded to run two hours long, from 8 PM to 10 PM.
By 2019, CNN had produced at least 35 original series. Alongside the Hanks/Goetzman franchise (including the 2018 spin-off 1968), CNN has aired other documentary miniseries relating to news and U.S. policies, such as The Bush Years, and American Dynasties: The Kennedys—which saw the highest ratings of any CNN original series premiere to-date, with 1.7 million viewers. Parts Unknown concluded after the 2018 death by suicide of its host Anthony Bourdain; CNN announced several new miniseries and docuseries for 2019, including American Style (a miniseries produced by the digital media company Vox Media), The Redemption Project with Van Jones, Chasing Life with Sanjay Gupta, Tricky Dick (a miniseries chronicling Richard Nixon), The Movies (a spin-off of the Hanks/Goetzman decades miniseries), and Once in a Great City: Detroit 1962–64.
CNN's political coverage in HD was first given mobility by the introduction of the CNN Election Express bus in October 2007. The Election Express vehicle, capable of five simultaneous HD feeds, was used for the channel's CNN-YouTube presidential debates and for presidential candidate interviews.
In December 2008, CNN introduced a comprehensive redesign of its on-air appearance, which replaced an existing style that had been used since 2004. On-air graphics took a rounded, flat look in a predominantly black, white, and red color scheme, and the introduction of a new box next to the CNN logo for displaying show logos and segment-specific graphics, rather than as a large banner above the lower-third. The redesign also replaced the scrolling ticker with a static "flipper", which could either display a feed of news headlines (both manually inserted and taken from the RSS feeds of CNN.com), or "topical" details related to a story.
CNN's next major redesign was introduced on January 10, 2011, replacing the dark, flat appearance of the 2008 look with a glossier, blue and white color scheme, and moving the secondary logo box to the opposite end of the screen. Additionally, the network began to solely produce its programming in the 16:9 aspect ratio, with standard definition feeds using a letterboxed version of the HD feed. On February 18, 2013, the "flipper" was dropped and reverted to a scrolling ticker; originally displayed as a blue background with white text, the ticker was reconfigured a day later with blue text on a white background to match the look of the 'flipper'.
On August 11, 2014, CNN introduced a new graphics package, dropping the glossy appearance for a flat, rectangular scheme incorporating red, white, and black colors, and the Gotham typeface. The ticker now alternates between general headlines and financial news from CNN Business, and the secondary logo box was replaced with a smaller box below the CNN bug, which displays either the title, hashtag, or Twitter handle for the show being aired or its anchor. In April 2016, CNN began to introduce a new corporate typeface, known as "CNN Sans", across all of its platforms. Inspired by Helvetica Neue and commissioned after consultations with Troika Design Group, the font family consists of 30 different versions with varying weights and widths to facilitate use across print, television, and digital mediums.
In August 2016, CNN announced the launch of CNN Aerial Imagery and Reporting (CNN AIR), a drone-based news collecting operation to integrate aerial imagery and reporting across all CNN branches and platforms, along with Turner Broadcasting and Time Warner entities.
On July 27, 2012, CNN president Jim Walton announced he was resigning after 30 years at the network. Walton remained with CNN until the end of that year. In January 2013, former NBCUniversal President Jeff Zucker replaced Walton.
In February 2022, Zucker was asked to resign by Jason Kilar, the chief executive of CNN's owner WarnerMedia, after Zucker's relationship with one of his lieutenants was discovered during the investigation into former CNN primetime host Chris Cuomo's efforts to control potentially damaging reporting regarding his brother Andrew Cuomo, governor of New York. Kilar announced that the interim co-heads would be executive vice presidents Michael Bass, Amy Entelis, and Ken Jautz. On February 26, 2022, it was announced that Chris Licht—known for his work at MSNBC and CBS—would be the next president of CNN; he is planned to be instated after the spin off and merger of WarnerMedia into Discovery Inc.
CNN launched its website, CNN.com (initially known as CNN Interactive), on August 30, 1995. The site attracted growing interest over its first decade and is now one of the most popular news websites in the world. The widespread growth of blogs, social media and user-generated content have influenced the site, and blogs in particular have focused CNN's previously scattershot online offerings, most noticeably in the development and launch of CNN Pipeline in late 2005.
In April 2009, CNN.com ranked third place among online global news sites in unique users in the U.S., according to Nielsen/NetRatings; with an increase of 11% over the previous year.
CNN Pipeline was the name of a paid subscription service, its corresponding website, and a content delivery client that provided streams of live video from up to four sources (or "pipes"), on-demand access to CNN stories and reports, and optional pop-up "news alerts" to computer users. The installable client was available to users of PCs running Microsoft Windows. There was also a browser-based "web client" that did not require installation. The service was discontinued in July 2007, and was replaced with a free streaming service.
On April 18, 2008, CNN.com was targeted by Chinese hackers in retaliation for the channel's coverage on the 2008 Tibetan unrest. CNN reported that they took preventive measures after news broke of the impending attack.
The company was honored at the 2008 Technology & Engineering Emmy Awards for development and implementation of an integrated and portable IP-based live, edit and store-and-forward digital news gathering (DNG) system. The first use of what would later win CNN this award was in April 2001 when CNN correspondent Lisa Rose Weaver covered, and was detained, for the release of the U.S. Navy crew of a damaged electronic surveillance plane after the Hainan Island incident. The technology consisted of a videophone produced by 7E Communications Ltd of London, UK. This DNG workflow is used today by the network to receive material worldwide using an Apple MacBook Pro, various prosumer and professional digital cameras, software from Streambox Inc., and BGAN terminals from Hughes Network Systems.
On October 24, 2009, CNN launched a new version of the CNN.com website; the revamped site included the addition of a new "sign up" option, in which users can create their own username and profile, and a new "CNN Pulse" (beta) feature, along with a new red color theme. However, most of the news stories archived on the website were deleted.
The topical news program Judy Woodruff's Inside Politics was the first CNN program to feature a round-up of blogs in 2005. Blog coverage was expanded when Inside Politics was folded into The Situation Room (Inside Politics later returned to CNN in 2014, this time hosted by the network's chief national correspondent John King.). In 2006, CNN launched CNN Exchange and CNN iReport, initiatives designed to further introduce and centralize the impact of everything from blogging to citizen journalism within the CNN brand. CNN iReport which features user-submitted photos and video, has achieved considerable traction, with increasingly professional-looking reports filed by amateur journalists, many still in high school or college. The iReport gained more prominence when observers of the Virginia Tech shootings sent-in first hand photos of what was going on during the shootings.
In April 2010, CNN announced via Twitter that it would launch a food blog called "Eatocracy," which will "cover all news related to food – from recalls to health issues to culture". CNN had an internet relay chat (IRC) network at chat.cnn.com. CNN placed a live chat with Benjamin Netanyahu on the network in 1998.
CNNHealth consists of expert doctors answering viewers' questions online at CNN's "The Chart" blog website. Contributors include Drs. Sanjay Gupta (Chief Medical Correspondent), Charles Raison (Mental Health Expert), Otis Brawley (Conditions Expert), Melina Jampolis (Diet and Fitness Expert), Jennifer Shu (Living Well Expert), and Elizabeth Cohen (Senior Medical Correspondent).
Other digital offerings
In early 2008, CNN began maintaining a live streaming broadcast available to cable and satellite subscribers who receive CNN at home (a precursor to the TV Everywhere services that would become popularized by cable and satellite providers beginning with Time Warner's incorporation of the medium). CNN International is broadcast live, as part of the RealNetworks SuperPass subscription service outside the U.S. CNN also offers several RSS feeds and podcasts.
CNN also has multiple channels in the popular video-sharing site YouTube, but those videos can only be viewed in the United States, a source of criticism among YouTube users worldwide. In 2014, CNN launched a radio version of their television programming on TuneIn Radio. The network also hosts CNN-10, a daily 10-minute video show visible at the CNN website or YouTube. It replaced the long-running show CNN Student News which had been aired since 1989. It is aimed at a global audience of students, teachers, and adults, and was hosted by Carl Azuz.
On March 7, 2017, CNN announced the official launch of its virtual reality unit named CNNVR. It will produce 360 videos to its Android and iOS apps within CNN Digital. It is planning to cover major news events with the online, and digital news team in New York City, Atlanta, London, Hong Kong, San Francisco, Dubai, Johannesburg, Tokyo, and Beijing.
CNN Newsource is a subscription-based affiliation video service that provides CNN content to television station affiliates with CNN, including terrestrial stations and international stations. Newsource allows affiliates to download video from CNN, as well as from other affiliates who upload their video to Newsource.
CNN's digital storefront, which sells branded merchandise, household goods, and software, is operated by StackCommerce via partnership.
In 2021, CNN Digital had an average of 144 million unique visitors in the United States according to Comscore, making it the most viewed digital news outlet, ahead of The New York Times, NBC News, Fox News, The Washington Post.
On November 28, 2016, CNN announced the acquisition of Beme for a reported $25 million. On November 29, 2016, Matt Hackett, co-founder of Beme, announced via an email to its users that the Beme app would be shutting down on January 31, 2017. Since the shutdown of the app, it was announced that CNN intended to use the current talent behind Beme to work on a separate start-up endeavor. Beme's current team will retain full creative control of the new project, which was slated to release in summer 2017. Beme have also brought on other internet stars such as the host of Vsauce 3, Jake Roper, as head of production, who features prominently in Beme co-founder Casey Neistat's vlogs. Beme News has since begun uploading news related video on YouTube.
In October 2012, CNN formed a film division called CNN Films to distribute and produce made-for-TV and feature documentaries. Its first acquisition was a documentary entitled Girl Rising, a documentary narrated by Meryl Streep that focused on the struggles of girls' education.
In July 2014, Cumulus Media announced that it would end its partnership with ABC News Radio, and enter into a new partnership with CNN to syndicate national and international news content for its stations through Westwood One beginning in 2015, including access to a wire service, and digital content for its station websites. This service is unbranded, allowing individual stations to integrate the content with their own news brands.
This section needs additional citations for verification. (May 2022)
Over the years, CNN has launched spin-off networks in the United States and other countries. Channels that currently operate as of 2022[update] include:
- CNN Brazil – a Brazilian news channel that launched on March 15, 2020. (licensed to Novus Media)
- CNN Chile – a Chilean news channel that launched on December 4, 2008.
- CNN en Español
- CNN International
- CNN TÜRK – a Turkish media outlet.
- CNN-News18 – an Indian news channel. (licensed to Network 18)
- CNN Indonesia – an Indonesian news channel that launched on August 17, 2015. (licensed to Trans Media)
- CNNj – a Japanese news outlet.
- CNN Philippines – a Filipino news channel launched on March 16, 2015. (licensed to Nine Media Corporation and Radio Philippines Network (RPN))
- CNN Prima News – a Czech news channel. (that launched on May 3, 2020, licensed to Prima Group)
- A2 CNN – an Albanian news channel.
- Antena 3 CNN – a Romanian news channel. (licensed to Intact Media Group)
- CNN Portugal – a Portuguese news channel launched on November 22, 2021. (licensed to Media Capital)
CNN has also launched television and online ventures that are no longer in operation, including:
- CNN Airport
- CNN Checkout Channel (out-of-home place-based custom channel for grocery stores that started in 1991 and shuttered in 1993)
- CNN Italia (an Italian news website launched in partnership with the publishing company Gruppo Editoriale L'Espresso, and after with the financial newspaper Il Sole 24 Ore, it launched on November 15, 1999 and closed on September 12, 2003)
- CNN Pipeline (24-hour multi-channel broadband online news service, replaced with CNN.com Live)
- CNN Sports Illustrated (also known as CNNSI; U.S. sports news channel, closed in 2002)
- CNN+ (a partner channel in Spain, launched in 1999 joint venture with Sogecable).
- CNN.com Live
- CNNfn (financial channel, closed in December 2004)
- CNN Money Switzerland (Switzerland financial channel, joint venture with MediaGo)
CNN launched two specialty news channels for the American market which would later close amid competitive pressure: the sports news channel CNNSI shut down in 2002, while business news channel CNNfn shut down after nine years on the air in December 2004. CNN had a partnership with Sports Illustrated through the sports website CNNSI.com, but sold the domain name in May 2015. CNNfn's former website used to redirect to money.cnn.com, a product of CNN's strategic partnership with Money magazine. Money and Sports Illustrated were both Time Warner properties until 2014, when the company's magazine division was spun off into the separate Time Inc.
CNN also launched "Great Big Story" in November 2015 to produce content tailored toward younger viewers. It was eventually shut down in September 2020 after building a following of nearly 6 million followers on both Facebook and YouTube.
- Atlanta (World Headquarters)
- Los Angeles
- New York City
- San Francisco
- Washington, D.C.
- Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
- Amman, Jordan
- Bangkok, Thailand
- Beijing, China
- Beirut, Lebanon
- Berlin, Germany
- Buenos Aires, Argentina
- Cairo, Egypt
- Dubai, United Arab Emirates
- Havana, Cuba
- Hong Kong, China
- Islamabad, Pakistan
- Istanbul, Turkey
- South Jakarta, Indonesia
- Jerusalem, Israel
- Johannesburg, South Africa
- Kabul, Afghanistan
- Lagos, Nigeria
- Lisbon, Portugal
- London, United Kingdom
- Mexico City, Mexico
- Moscow, Russia
- Nairobi, Kenya
- New Delhi, India
- Paris, France
- Rome, Italy
- Santiago, Chile
- São Paulo, Brazil
- Seoul, South Korea
- Tokyo, Japan
In parts of the world without a CNN bureau, reports from local affiliate stations will be used to file a story.
Controversies and criticisms
CNN has been involved in various controversies, criticisms and allegations since its inception in 1980. The channel is known for its dramatic live coverage of breaking news, some of which has drawn criticism as overly sensationalistic. CNN claims to be "The Most Trusted Name in News", but its efforts to be nonpartisan have led to accusations of false balance. CNN has also been accused of having a liberal bias during the presidency of Donald Trump.
Awards and honors
1998: CNN received the Four Freedom Award for the Freedom of Speech.
2018: CNN received the Overseas Press Club of America David Kaplan Award for best TV or video spot news reporting from abroad for reporting on the fall of ISIS. Reporting done by Nick Paton Walsh and Arwa Damon.
2018: CNN received the George Polk Award for Foreign Television Reporting for uncovering a hidden modern-day slave auction of African refugees in Libya. Reporting done by Nima Elbagir and Raja Razek.
2018: CNN won a network-record six news & documentary Emmy Awards. They are, Outstanding Breaking News Coverage, Outstanding Continuing Coverage of a News Story in a Newscast, Outstanding Live Interview, Outstanding Hard News Feature Story in a Newscast, Outstanding News Special, Outstanding Science, Medical and Environmental Report.
2021: CNN won a George Polk Award for Foreign Reporting for their reporting on the coronavirus outbreak in Wuhan, China and later under quarantine in Beijing. CNN and Clarissa Ward were named finalists for the duPont-Columbia Award for their "Russia's Secret Influence Campaigns" investigation.
- Barr, Jeremy; Izadi, Elahe; Ellison, Sarah; Farhi, Paul (February 2, 2022). "CNN president Jeff Zucker resigns, citing undisclosed relationship with colleague". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 2, 2022.
- Alfonso, Fernando (May 30, 2020). "CNN Center in Atlanta damaged during protests". CNN. Archived from the original on May 30, 2020. Retrieved January 16, 2021.
- "CNN Center". CNN. Archived from the original on January 21, 2021. Retrieved January 16, 2021.
- "About Us". CNN. Archived from the original on January 15, 2021. Retrieved January 16, 2021.
- "Time Warner: Turner Broadcasting". Archived from the original on January 22, 2011.
- "Charles Bierbauer, CNN senior Washington correspondent, discusses his 19-year career at CNN. (May 8, 2000)". CNN. Archived from the original on September 29, 2012. Retrieved October 12, 2013.
- "Reese's Pieces: Mr. Schonfeld, Forgotten Founder of CNN, Is a Man of Many Projects". Observer. January 29, 2001. Retrieved March 1, 2022.
- Stelter, Brian (July 28, 2020). "Reese Schonfeld, CNN's founding president, has died at 88". CNN. Archived from the original on July 29, 2020. Retrieved July 31, 2020.
- "CNN changed news – for better and worse". Taipei Times. May 31, 2005. Archived from the original on June 3, 2015. Retrieved January 24, 2009.
- Kiesewetter, John (May 28, 2000). "In 20 years, CNN has changed the way we view the news". Cincinnati Enquirer. Archived from the original on October 11, 2017. Retrieved January 24, 2009.
- "Nielsen coverage estimates for September see gains at ESPN networks, drops at MLBN and NFLN". September 10, 2018. Archived from the original on August 19, 2019. Retrieved July 18, 2019.
- Johnson, Ted (June 29, 2021). "Fox News Tops June And Q2 Viewership, But Plunge In Ratings Continues Across All Major Cable News Networks". Deadline. Archived from the original on July 7, 2021. Retrieved July 6, 2021.
- Andreeva, Nellie; Johnson, Ted (December 27, 2019). "Cable Ratings 2019: Fox News Tops Total Viewers, ESPN Wins 18–49 Demo As Entertainment Networks Slide". Deadline. Archived from the original on January 14, 2020. Retrieved January 16, 2020.
- Schneider, Michael (December 26, 2019). "Most-Watched Television Networks: Ranking 2019's Winners and Losers". Variety. Archived from the original on January 6, 2020. Retrieved January 16, 2020.
- Schneider, Michael (December 28, 2020). "Most-Watched Television Networks: Ranking 2020's Winners and Losers". Variety. Archived from the original on December 28, 2020. Retrieved May 2, 2022.
- Schneider, Michael (December 30, 2021). "Most-Watched Television Networks: Ranking 2021's Winners and Losers". Variety. Archived from the original on January 12, 2022.
- "CNN is Viewers Cable Network of Choice for Democratic and Republican National Convention Coverage" (Press release). Time Warner. August 18, 2000. Retrieved February 20, 2010.[permanent dead link]
- "CNN Partners". CNN Asia Pacific. Archived from the original on July 29, 2012. Retrieved May 4, 2020.
- Barkin, Steve Michael; Sharpe, M.E. (2003). American Television News: The Media Marketplace and the Public Interest.
- Wiseman, Lauren (May 10, 2011). "Burt Reinhardt dies at 91: Newsman helped launch CNN". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on July 18, 2019. Retrieved May 19, 2011.
- "Cable News: Fact Sheet". Pew Research Center's Journalism Project. June 15, 2016. Archived from the original on April 19, 2017. Retrieved April 20, 2017.
- "CNN Newsource". CNN Newsource. Archived from the original on April 21, 2017. Retrieved April 20, 2017.
- Sterling, Christopher H. (September 25, 2009). Encyclopedia of journalism. 6. Appendices. SAGE. ISBN 9780761929574. Archived from the original on April 14, 2021. Retrieved October 15, 2020.
- Tyree, Omar (April 27, 2009). The Equation: Applying the 4 Indisputable Components of Business Success. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 9780470452837. Archived from the original on April 14, 2021. Retrieved October 15, 2020.
- "Ted Turner, the Lost Tycoon". The New Yorker. April 15, 2001. Archived from the original on February 24, 2017. Retrieved April 20, 2017.
- "Why a Sugar High is in the Making for Kate Bolduan's Daughter". TVNewser. Adweek Blog Network. Archived from the original on August 20, 2015. Retrieved August 20, 2015.
- Hall, Colby. "CNN Reveals New 7 pm Show Title: Erin Burnett: OutFront". Mediaite. Archived from the original on July 31, 2012. Retrieved September 23, 2011.
- Johnson, Ted (January 11, 2021). "CNN Announces Lineup Changes: Jake Tapper To Be Lead Anchor For All Major D.C. Events; Jim Acosta Takes On New Role With Weekend Show". Deadline. Archived from the original on April 6, 2021. Retrieved March 10, 2021.
- "CNN Keeps Burnett, Cooper in Primetime While Adding 'CNN Tonight' at 10 P.M." Variety. Archived from the original on April 13, 2014. Retrieved April 11, 2014.
- Flint, Joe (April 10, 2014). "CNN unveils new prime-time lineup, moves away from 9 p.m. talk". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on April 11, 2014. Retrieved April 11, 2014.
- "CNN Doubles Down on a Mix of Live News, Original Series and Films". TVNewer. Archived from the original on April 11, 2014. Retrieved April 11, 2014.
- de Moraes, Lisa (May 17, 2017). "CNN Adds Series On 1960s & '70s To Slate; HLN Adds 'Unmasking A Killer'". Deadline. Archived from the original on May 14, 2018. Retrieved May 13, 2018.
- Petski, Denise (April 11, 2018). "CNN Adds Six New Original Series To 2019 Slate; Projects From Sanjay Gupta, Vox Media, More". Deadline. Archived from the original on May 26, 2018. Retrieved May 13, 2018.
- "CNN To Follow 'The Sixties' Docu-series With 'The Seventies'". Variety. November 20, 2014. Archived from the original on March 20, 2016. Retrieved April 3, 2016.
- "CNN To Launch 'The Eighties' In March". Variety. February 25, 2016. Archived from the original on April 6, 2016. Retrieved April 3, 2016.
- "Ratings for Anderson Cooper's Karen McDougal Interview". TVNewser. Archived from the original on May 29, 2018. Retrieved May 28, 2018.
- "Vox Entertainment to Produce New CNN Original Series 'American Style'". TheWrap. April 11, 2018. Archived from the original on December 15, 2018. Retrieved May 5, 2019.
- Littleton, Cynthia (March 15, 2019). "CNN Original Series Ride News Tide to Multiplatform Success". Variety. Archived from the original on September 29, 2019. Retrieved May 5, 2019.
- Petski, Denise (April 11, 2018). "CNN Adds Six New Original Series To 2019 Slate; Projects From Sanjay Gupta, Vox Media, More". Deadline. Archived from the original on May 5, 2019. Retrieved May 5, 2019.
- Robbins, Stephanie. "TV Week September 6, 2007 CNN HD Debuts". Tvweek.com. Archived from the original on October 15, 2013. Retrieved October 12, 2013.
- "CNN Rolls Out Election Express". Tvtechnology.com. October 17, 2007. Archived from the original on November 25, 2011. Retrieved October 12, 2013.
- Dickson, Glen (December 15, 2008). "CNN Gets New Graphic Look". Broadcasting & Cable. Archived from the original on February 6, 2009. Retrieved January 24, 2009.
- "CNN Debuts New Graphics Package". TVNewser. Archived from the original on July 13, 2014. Retrieved September 3, 2014.
- Airens, Chris (February 18, 2013). "The Ticker Returns to CNN". TVNewser. Archived from the original on February 21, 2013. Retrieved February 19, 2013.
- "CNN Updates Graphics Package". TVNewser. Archived from the original on August 15, 2014. Retrieved September 3, 2014.
- "CNN customizes new company-wide font". PromaxBDA. Archived from the original on September 11, 2016. Retrieved September 22, 2016.
- "CNN is launching a drone-based news collecting operation". TechCrunch. August 18, 2016. Archived from the original on April 7, 2018. Retrieved January 19, 2018.
- "AP NewsBreak: CNN chief Jim Walton calls it quits". The Wall St. Journal. July 27, 2012. Archived from the original on October 14, 2013. Retrieved July 27, 2012.
- Shapiro, Rebecca (November 29, 2012). "Jeff Zucker CNN President: Network Officially Hires Former NBC Universal Chief". Huffington Post. Archived from the original on November 30, 2012. Retrieved November 28, 2012.
- LoGiurato, Brett. "CNN Is Losing Its Managing Editor And Five Star Political Contributors". Business Insider. Archived from the original on August 24, 2019. Retrieved August 24, 2019.
- "CNN president Jeff Zucker resigns over relationship with network executive". NPR.org. Retrieved March 1, 2022.
- Brian Stelter and Oliver Darcy (February 2, 2022). "CNN President Jeff Zucker resigns over consensual relationship with key lieutenant". CNN. Retrieved March 1, 2022.
- Grynbaum, Michael M.; Koblin, John (February 26, 2022). "Chris Licht, a Creator of 'Morning Joe' and 'Colbert' Producer, Is Set to Run CNN". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved February 27, 2022.
- "CNN Interactive Timeline: May – December, 1995". CNN. Archived from the original on September 24, 2018. Retrieved September 26, 2018.
- "News – Editor & Publisher Magazine". Archived from the original on January 31, 2010.
- "Important Message Regarding CNN Pipeline". CNN. Archived from the original on October 26, 2020. Retrieved September 19, 2020.
- "CNN website targeted". CNN. April 18, 2008. Archived from the original on October 15, 2013. Retrieved October 12, 2013.
- Thomas, Claburn (2008). "CNN Faces Cyberattack Over Tibet Coverage". InformationWeek. Archived from the original on April 23, 2008. Retrieved March 1, 2022.
- "CNN Awarded Technical Emmy". Archived from the original on July 21, 2011.
- "Lisa Rose Weaver". Archived from the original on June 29, 2011.
- "CNN crew released". CNN. April 12, 2001. Archived from the original on March 12, 2008. Retrieved November 14, 2017.
- "Videophone Technology". Privateline.com. October 9, 2001. Archived from the original on October 15, 2013. Retrieved March 10, 2016.
- "Welcome to the New CNN.com – Interactive tour". CNN. Archived from the original on February 27, 2010. Retrieved February 20, 2010.
- Johnson, Peter (March 20, 2005). "It's prime time for blogs on CNN's 'Inside Politics'". USA Today. Archived from the original on February 26, 2009. Retrieved January 24, 2009.
- Cobb, Chris (April 12, 2008). "'Citizen journalist' often there first to snap photos". Regina Leader-Post. Archived from the original on June 21, 2008. Retrieved January 24, 2009.
- Brion, Raphael (April 13, 2010). "Eatocracy: CNN Gets in the Food Blog Business". Eater.com. Archived from the original on September 23, 2010. Retrieved April 15, 2010.
- "How to join the chat and view the Webcast". CNN. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved October 12, 2013.
- "Expert Q&A". thechart.blogs.cnn.com. Archived from the original on April 14, 2016. Retrieved April 10, 2016.
- "Live Video from CNN". CNN. Archived from the original on August 23, 2007. Retrieved August 2, 2007.
- Lee, Nicole (May 7, 2014). "TuneIn tries reinventing itself as a social network for audio". Engadget.com. Archived from the original on February 5, 2015. Retrieved February 5, 2015.
- "What is CNN 10?". CNN. April 7, 2020. Archived from the original on April 11, 2020. Retrieved May 19, 2020.
- "Five Reasons CNN 10 Videos Are Great Tools for Teaching Current Events". The Civic Educator. Archived from the original on June 29, 2020. Retrieved May 19, 2020.
- Roettgers, Janko (March 7, 2017). "CNN Adds 360 Video to Mobile Apps, Website as Part of VR Push". Variety. Archived from the original on March 7, 2017. Retrieved March 8, 2017.
- engadget (March 7, 2017). "CNN launches a virtual reality news unit". TechCrunch. Archived from the original on March 7, 2017. Retrieved March 8, 2017.
- "CNN Digital Debuts its Virtual Reality Unit: CNNVR". CNN Pressroom. Archived from the original on March 8, 2017. Retrieved March 8, 2017.
- "CNN Syndication Services". CNN. Archived from the original on April 14, 2018. Retrieved April 10, 2018.
- "CNN Digital Dominates All Competitors; #1 Digital News Outlet Of 2021". Retrieved September 5, 2022.
- Perlberg, Steven (November 28, 2016). "CNN Buys Casey Neistat's Video App Beme". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Archived from the original on December 3, 2016. Retrieved December 4, 2016.
- Hackett, Matt (November 28, 2016). "Beme is Shutting Down, But Our Work Is Just Starting". Medium. Archived from the original on December 3, 2016. Retrieved December 4, 2016.
- "i sold my company to CNN". YouTube. November 30, 2016. Archived from the original on February 4, 2017. Retrieved February 3, 2017.
- "CNN update". Youtube. Casey Neistat. July 5, 2017. Archived from the original on April 7, 2018. Retrieved July 9, 2017.
- "Beme News". YouTube. Archived from the original on January 26, 2018. Retrieved December 12, 2017.
- Lieberman, David (October 8, 2012). "CNN Creates Unit To Acquire Documentary Films For Theaters And TV". Deadline. Retrieved March 1, 2022.
- "Cumulus taps CNN for Westwood One news service". Atlanta Business Chronicle. Archived from the original on December 16, 2014. Retrieved December 12, 2014.
- "Radio.com Adds CNN & Bloomberg Live Audio And Podcasts". RadioInsight. Retrieved March 1, 2022.
- Minas, Estado de (January 25, 2019). "Lançamento da CNN Brasil impactará mercado televisivo – Internacional – Estado de Minas". Estado de Minas. Archived from the original on October 24, 2019. Retrieved October 24, 2019.
- "CNN terá canal no Brasil e prevê contratação de 400 jornalistas". EXAME. Archived from the original on November 2, 2019. Retrieved October 24, 2019.
- "CNN US HD" (PDF). JCTV, Japan. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 22, 2016. Retrieved May 4, 2020.
- "CNN US". JCTV, Japan. Archived from the original on June 30, 2020. Retrieved May 4, 2020.
- "Media Capital anuncia acordo para lançar CNN Portugal". Público (in European Portuguese). Archived from the original on May 24, 2021. Retrieved May 24, 2021.
- "CNN". Archived from the original on November 23, 2013. Retrieved October 12, 2013.
- "Nasce 'Cnn Italia' 24 ore di notizie web". la Repubblica (in Italian). September 15, 1999. Archived from the original on May 25, 2010. Retrieved April 22, 2009.
- "Roma-Atlanta via web Parte CNN Italia". la Repubblica (in Italian). September 15, 1999. Archived from the original on July 3, 2009. Retrieved April 22, 2009.
- "CNN+ deja de emitir a partir del próximo 31 de diciembre" (in Spanish). 20 Minutos. December 10, 2010. Archived from the original on May 13, 2020. Retrieved December 10, 2010.
- Silver, Elliot. "CNNSi.com Sells for $5,500". DomainInvesting.com. DomainInvesting.com. Archived from the original on April 2, 2016. Retrieved April 4, 2016.
- Yu, Roger (May 9, 2014). "Time Inc. spins off from Time Warner on June 6". USA Today. Archived from the original on November 26, 2020. Retrieved September 19, 2020.
- "'Two very, very different companies': Why CNN's Great Big Story failed to survive". Digiday. November 2, 2020. Archived from the original on June 4, 2021. Retrieved June 4, 2021.
- ""Great Big Story"". YouTube.com. YouTube.com. Archived from the original on June 4, 2021. Retrieved June 4, 2021.
- "CNN Worldwide Fact Sheet". CNN Press Room. Archived from the original on July 7, 2021. Retrieved July 7, 2021.
- "CNN | The Most Trusted Name in News". edition.cnn.com. Retrieved January 13, 2022.
- Peters, Justin (August 11, 2017). "Firing Jeffrey Lord Doesn't Fix CNN's Jeffrey Lord Problem". Slate Magazine. Archived from the original on January 14, 2020. Retrieved January 8, 2020.
- "CNN's pro-Trump posse clouds its journalism". Columbia Journalism Review. Archived from the original on January 14, 2020. Retrieved January 8, 2020.
- Roberts, Jacob W. (May 20, 2014). "The Tragedy of Media Sensationalism in America". Southern California International Review. Archived from the original on September 16, 2019. Retrieved August 6, 2019.
- Maza, Carlos (April 17, 2017). "CNN treats politics like a sport — that's bad for all of us". Vox. Archived from the original on August 4, 2019. Retrieved August 6, 2019.
- Shafer, Jack (May 25, 2021). "Rick Santorum and CNN's 'Trumping Heads' Problem". Politico. Archived from the original on June 3, 2021. Retrieved June 3, 2021.
- Bauder, David (August 26, 2022). "CNN management intent on changing perception of the network". ABC News. Retrieved September 5, 2022.
- "Four Freedom Awards". Archived from the original on March 25, 2015. Retrieved April 4, 2015.
- "CNN Wins Prince Rainier III Special Prize at Monte Carlo TV Festival". CNN. Archived from the original on June 22, 2017. Retrieved June 22, 2017.
- "British TV Rules Monte Carlo TV Fest, With Double Wins for 'Victoria,' 'Fleabag'". Variety. June 20, 2017. Archived from the original on June 22, 2017. Retrieved June 20, 2017.
- "Overseas Press Club of America Announces Annual Award Winners". Overseas Press Club of America. Archived from the original on August 23, 2018. Retrieved March 21, 2018.
- "George Polk Award for Foreign Television Reporting". Archived from the original on February 21, 2018. Retrieved February 21, 2018.
- "David Begnaud, Ronan Farrow, Elle Reeve, Nima Elbagir, Raja Razek Among 2017 Polk Award Winners". Adweek's TVNewser. Archived from the original on April 9, 2018. Retrieved February 20, 2018.
- "CNN's Nima Elbagir to Receive 2018 Courage in Journalism Award". Archived from the original on September 30, 2018. Retrieved October 2, 2018.
- "CNN Wins Network-Record Six News & Documentary Emmy® Awards". Archived from the original on October 2, 2018. Retrieved October 2, 2018.
- "Here's Who Won 2019 Walter Cronkite Awards for Excellence in TV Political Journalism". adweek.it. Archived from the original on December 26, 2021. Retrieved August 2, 2020.
- Vella, Lauren (June 10, 2020). "Journalists Engel, Lavandera among 2020 Peabody Award winners". TheHill. Archived from the original on July 8, 2020. Retrieved August 2, 2020.
- "CNN Wins George Polk Award for Reporting from Wuhan at Onset of Covid-19 Pandemic". CNN. Archived from the original on June 4, 2021. Retrieved June 4, 2021.
- "2021 duPont-Columbia Awards Finalists | Columbia Journalism School". Columbia Journalism School. Archived from the original on June 4, 2021. Retrieved June 4, 2021.