Cathedral of Saint James, Jerusalem

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Cathedral of Saint James
Սրբոց Յակոբեանց Վանք Հայոց
קתדרלת יעקב הקדוש
Inside Saint James Cathedral in the Armenian Quarter of Jerusalem.jpg
Interior of the cathedral
Religion
AffiliationArmenian Apostolic Church
Ecclesiastical or organizational statusCathedral
StatusActive
Location
LocationArmenian Quarter, Jerusalem
Geographic coordinates31°46′28″N 35°13′44″E / 31.77444°N 35.22889°E / 31.77444; 35.22889Coordinates: 31°46′28″N 35°13′44″E / 31.77444°N 35.22889°E / 31.77444; 35.22889
Architecture
TypeDomed basilica
StyleArmenian
Completed12th century

The Cathedral of Saint James (Armenian: Սրբոց Յակոբեանց Վանք Հայոց, Hebrew: קתדרלת יעקב הקדוש, Arabic: كتدرائية القديس جيمس, or Saints Jacobs Armenian Cathedral) is a 12th-century Armenian church in the Armenian Quarter of Jerusalem, near the quarter's entry Zion Gate. The cathedral is dedicated to two of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus: James, son of Zebedee (James the Greater) and James the brother of Jesus (James the Just).[1] It is located near the Church of the Holy Archangels.

It is the principal church of the Armenian Patriarchate of Jerusalem, also known as the Armenian Patriarchate of Saint James.

In 1162, it was described as complete by John of Würzburg which Nurith Kenaan-Kedar uses to argue that it was built during the reign of Melisende, Queen of Jerusalem.[2]

Ornamentation[edit]

The ceiling is decorated hanging ceramic eggs made in Kütahya.[3] More ceramics from Kütahya appear in the form of tiles in the Chapel of Etchmiadzin.[3] Originally destined for a 1719 attempt to repair the Church of the Holy Sepulchre they ended up in the Cathedral of Saint James after the plan fell through.[3]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "St. James Cathedral". The Jerusalem Post. 4 June 2009. Retrieved 5 July 2009.
  2. ^ Kenaan-Kedar, Nurith (2015). "DECORATIVE ARCHITECTURAL SCULPTURE IN CRUSADER JERUSALEM: THE EASTERN, WESTERN, AND ARMENIAN SOURCES OF A LOCAL VISUAL CULTURE". In J. Boas, Adrian (ed.). The Crusader World. London: Routledge. p. 610.
  3. ^ a b c Maranci, Christina (2018). The Art of Armenia: An Introduction. Oxford University Press. pp. 187–188. ISBN 978-0190269005.

Bibliography[edit]

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

  • The website of the Armenian Patriarchate of Jerusalem [1]