El'ad

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El'ad
אלעד
City (from 2008)
Hebrew transcription(s)
 • ISO 259ʔelˁad
Elad03.JPG
Official logo of El'ad
El'ad is located in Central Israel
El'ad
El'ad
El'ad is located in Israel
El'ad
El'ad
Coordinates: 32°3′8″N 34°57′4″E / 32.05222°N 34.95111°E / 32.05222; 34.95111Coordinates: 32°3′8″N 34°57′4″E / 32.05222°N 34.95111°E / 32.05222; 34.95111
Country Israel
DistrictCentral
Founded1998
Government
 • MayorIsrael (Srulik) Porush (UTJ)
Area
 • Total2,756 dunams (2.756 km2 or 1.064 sq mi)
Population
 (2019)[1]
 • Total48,763
 • Density18,000/km2 (46,000/sq mi)
Websitehttp://www.elad.muni.il

El'ad, also spelled Elad (Hebrew: אלעד), is a city in the Central District of Israel. In the 1990s, it was built for a Haredi Jewish population and to a lesser extent, it was also built for a Religious Zionist Jewish population. Located about 25 kilometres (16 mi) east of Tel Aviv on Route 444 between Rosh HaAyin and Shoham, it had a population of 48,763 in 2019.[1] El'ad is the only locality in Israel officially designated a religious municipality. The name El'ad means "Forever God", but it is also named after a member of the tribe of Ephraim, who lived in this area (1 Chronicles 7:21).[2]

History[edit]

El'ad 2020 street map overlaid on Survey of Palestine map from 1941 (cropped).png
14-16-MajdalYaba-1941 (Al Muzeiri’a) v2.png
El'ad street map (2018, white text and light grey streets) overlaid on a Survey of Palestine map from 1941 (black text, red urban areas and black streets), showing the relative location of Al-Muzayri'a.

During the 18th and 19th centuries, El'ad was the site of the Arab village of Al-Muzayri'a. It belonged to the Nahiyeh (sub-district) of Lod that encompassed the area of the present-day city of Modi'in-Maccabim-Re'ut in the south to the present-day city of El’ad in the north, and from the foothills in the east, through the Lod Valley to the outskirts of Jaffa in the west. This area was home to thousands of inhabitants in about 20 villages, who had at their disposal tens of thousands of hectares of prime agricultural land.[3]

The building of El'ad started in the late 1990s, following a government decision in 1990 to build a series of settlements along the seam line with the West Bank under then-housing minister Ariel Sharon,[4] and provide immediate housing for 50,000 residents.[5] The town was built from scratch as a planned community according to urban planning paradigms not unlike Modi'in and nearby Shoham. While those towns were designed to suit a mixed population of secular and religious Jews, El'ad was originally planned to suit a mixed population of Modern Orthodox/Religious Zionist Jews and ultra-Orthodox Haredi Jews, offering a solution to the acute shortage of affordable housing for Haredi families. The majority of the population are Haredi Jews. Accordingly, El'ad is built in a way that suits their religious lifestyle, with a larger selection of housing options offering larger than average apartments to accommodate religious families, who tend to have more children than the average national population. Another characteristic is easy access and short walking distances to local education institutions to avoid the need for school transportation costs.

The city was built partially over the ruins of the Palestinian Arab village of Al-Muzayri'a, whose population fled in 1948.[6]

By 1998, El'ad had already achieved local council status; in February 2008, El'ad's official status was changed to a city.[7] The city's current mayor is Israel Porush, a member of the United Torah Judaism party.[8]

On 5 May 2022 on Israel's Independence Day, in a park in El'ad three people were killed and four wounded in a 2022 El'ad stabbing by two Palestinians.[9]

Demographics[edit]

El'ad is one of the fastest-growing towns in Israel, with an annual population growth of 6 to 7 percent. The population density per square kilometer is 13.1,[10] median age is 11.[11]

Economy[edit]

The support center of Ramat Gan-based Israeli company Daronet is located in El'ad. Its workers are ultra-Orthodox women. In 2012, Daronet signed a sales agreement worth NIS700,000 (US$180,000) with Saudi energy giant Yanar.[12]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Population in the Localities 2019" (XLS). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 August 2020.
  2. ^ Bitan, Hanna: 1948-1998: Fifty Years of 'Hityashvut': Atlas of Names of Settlements in Israel, Jerusalem 1999, Carta, p.6, ISBN 965-220-423-4 (Hebrew)
  3. ^ Marom, Roy (2022). "Lydda Sub-District: Lydda and its countryside during the Ottoman period". Diospolis - City of God: Journal of the History, Archaeology and Heritage of Lod. 8: 103–136.
  4. ^ Shefer, Shlomi (2002-08-05). "A star settlement is born. In these hard economic times, Elad seems to be the only place that's booming as the ultra-Orthodox are flocking to its green spaces and relatively low house prices". Haaretz.
  5. ^ Greenberg, Harry (19–26 September 2002). "City Development in Israel" (PDF).
  6. ^ Kadman, Noga (7 September 2015). Erased from Space and Consciousness: Israel and the Depopulated Palestinian Villages of 1948. Indiana University Press. pp. 22–. ISBN 978-0-253-01682-9. The urban community of El'ad, set up in 1998, has expanded over the site of the village of Al-Muzayri'a
  7. ^ Fendel, Hillel (2008-02-06). "Ten-Year-Old Hareidi-Religious Community of Elad Named a City". Arutz Sheva.
  8. ^ Ettinger, Yair (2011-12-05). "Ashkenazi and Sephardi rabbis battle over Sabbath hours in Elad". Haaretz.
  9. ^ McKernan, Bethan (2022-05-06). "Three people killed and at least four injured in attack in Israeli town of Elad". The Guardian. Retrieved 2022-05-06.
  10. ^ "Population and Density per Sq.Km in Localities Numbering 5,000 Residents and more on 31 XII 2009". Israel CBS. 2009-12-31. Archived from the original on 2011-09-21.
  11. ^ "Population, by population Group, Religion, Age, Sex and Type of Locality, Average 2009". Israel CBS. 2009-12-31. Archived from the original on 2012-02-28.
  12. ^ Petersburg, Ofer (19 May 2012). "Saudi Oil Giant Partners Up With Israeli Tech Company". Al-Monitor. Yedioth Ahronoth. Retrieved 22 May 2012.