Fajr prayer

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Fajr prayer
Official nameصلاة الفجر، صلاة الصبح، صلاة الغداة
Also calledDawn prayer
Observed byMuslims
SignificanceA Muslim prayer offered to God at the dawn hour of the morning.
ObservancesFajr nafl prayer (رغيبة الفجر)
BeginsAstronomical Dawn
Related toSalah, Qunut, Five Pillars of Islam

The Fajr prayer (Arabic: صلاة الفجر ṣalāt al-fajr, "dawn prayer") is one of the five mandatory salah (Islamic prayer), to be performed anytime starting from the moment of dawn, but not after sunrise. The Isha prayer, which is the daily prayer directly before the Fajr prayer, usually does not take place after midnight (depending on location).[1][better source needed][2][better source needed]

The Fajr prayer is mentioned by name in the Quran at sura 24 (An-Nur) ayah 58.[3] Inspired by the tafsir of the two hadiths that were transmitted on behalf of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, the worth of the Fajr daily prayer is explained as being God's most-favoured prayer since others are asleep.

It is also mentioned by the name in the first verse of a Sura that was named after it, Surat al-Fajr.

The start of Fajr prayer time marks the beginning of an Islamic fast. During the Muslim holy month of Ramadan, the fasts are obligatory , under the pillar of (sawm).

The five daily prayers collectively are one pillar of the Five Pillars of Islam, in Sunni Islam, and one of the ten Practices of the Religion (Furū al-Dīn) according to Shia Islam.

Name variations[edit]

Region/country Language Main
Arab World Arabic صلاة الفجر
(Ṣalāt al-Fajr/Ṣalāt al-Sobh)
Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan Persian, Dari, Tajik نماز بامداد‎, نماز صبح
(Namâz-e Sobh/Namâz-e Bâmdâd)
India, Pakistan Urdu, Hindi نمازِ فجر, فجر

फ़ज्र/नमाज़-ए फ़ज्र
(Fajr/ namâz-e-Fajr)

Pakistan Punjabi صحرگی دی نماز

نماز صحرگاہ (Sahargi/sahargah di namaz)

Sous (Morocco) Tashelhit ⵜⴰⵥⴰⵍⵍⵉⵜ ⵏ ⵜⵉⵏⵣⵉⴽⴽ (Taẓallit n tinzikk), ⵜⴰⵥⴰⵍⵍⵉⵜ ⵏ ⵜⵉⴼⴰⵡⵉⵏ (Taẓallit n tifawin)
Rif (Morocco) Tarifit Řefjaa
Kashmir Kashmiri صبحِچ نِماز
Turkey Turkish Sabah namazı
Azerbaijan Azeri Sübh namazı
Albania, Kosovo Albanian Namazi i sabahut, Namazi i mëngjesit
Balkans Serbo-Croatian Sabah-namaz
Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnian Sabah-namaz
Bangladesh Bengali ফজরের নামাজ (Fojor er Namaj)
Nigeria, Niger Hausa Sallar Fajr (Subhi)
Poland Polish Fadżr
Greater Somalia Somali Salaada Fajar, Salaada Subax
Malay Archipelago Indonesian, Malay, Javanese, Sundanese Salat subuh, Solat subuh
Uzbekistan Uzbek Bômdôd namôzi
Iraqi Kurdistan Sorani نوێژی بەیانی
Kazakhstan Kazakh Таң намазы (Tań namazy)
Russia Russian Фаджр (Fadzhr)


The Fajr prayer consists of two rakat (prescribed movements). In a congregation, the leader of the prayer (imam) recites aloud. However, two sunnah rakaʿāt prior to the two Fard rakaʿāt are highly recommended, and named Fajr nafl prayer (Arabic: رغيبة الفجر).

The time period within which the Fajr daily prayer must be offered (with loud recitation of the quran) is from the beginning of dawn[4] to sunrise.[5]

List of hadith mentioning fajr[edit]

The following quotations regarding Fajr, the Islamic dawn prayer, are from books of Sunni hadith. These books relate accounts taken from the life of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, his family, and his companions. They were compiled by Islamic scholars after Muhammad's death. These quotations include information about those who related the accounts, as well as the accounts themselves.

  • Narrated Aisha: Muhammad never missed four Rakat before the Zuhr prayer and two Rakat before the Fajr prayer.[6]
  • Narrated Abu Huraira: Muhammad said, "If anyone of you can get one Rak'a of the 'Asr prayer before sunset, he should complete his prayer. If any of you can get one Rak'a of the Fajr prayer before sunrise, he should complete his prayer." Sahih al-Bukhari, 1:10:531
  • Narrated 'Umar: "The Prophet forbade praying after the Subuh prayer till the sun rises and after the 'Asr prayer till the sun sets." Sahih al-Bukhari, 1:10:555
  • Abu Hurairah stated that Muhammad had said, "There are angels who take turns in visiting you by night and by day, and they all assemble at the dawn (Subuh) and the afternoon (`Asr) prayers. Those who have spent the night with you, ascend to the heaven and their Rabb (Lord), Who Knows better about them, Asks: 'In what condition did you leave My slaves?' They reply: 'We left them while they were performing Salat and we went to them while they were performing Salat.' " From Al-Bukhari and Muslim.
  • Aisha reported Allah's Messenger as saying: "The two rak'ahs before the dawn (Fajr) are better than this world and what it contains."[7]
  • Ahmad and Muslim record that Aishah said, "I have never seen him (Muhammad) more in haste to do a good deed than he was to perform the two rakahs (Sunnah) before the morning (Fajr prayer)."[citation needed]
  • Abu Huraira reports that Muhammad said: "Do not leave the two rak'ahs of Fajr, even if you were being attacked by cavalry." This is confirmed by Ahmad, Abu Dawud, Al-Bayhaqi and at-Tahawi.[citation needed]
  • Abu Hurairah reported: Muhammad said, "No Salat is more burdensome to the hypocrites than the Fajr (dawn) prayer and the `Isha' (night) prayer; and if they knew their merits, they would come to them even if they had to crawl to do so.[8]
  • Zubayr ibn al-Awwam has narrated a Hadith prohibiting one to go sleep after Fajr, whereas this hadith became the basis of Makruh act for Muslims to go sleep right after the time of Fajr prayer until the sunrise.[9]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ see 'Glossary', Retrieved 12 July 2020
  2. ^ Significance of Offering The Isha Prayer and Its Benefits, QuranReading website, Published 29 January 2015, Retrieved 14 May 2017
  3. ^ "Quran 24:58". Archived from the original on 2016-08-18. Retrieved 1 October 2019.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  4. ^ There are differing opinions on what angle to use to calculate dawn. The two popular angles are 15° and 18° below the horizon, yet others use 12°.
  5. ^ "Fajr Prayers - Prayer Times NYC". Prayer Times - New York City. Archived from the original on 19 December 2017. Retrieved 1 October 2019.
  6. ^ "Sahih al-Bukhari 2:21:276". Archived from the original on 9 March 2012. Retrieved 1 October 2019.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  7. ^ Sahih Muslim
  8. ^ Sahih-Al-Bukhari and Sahih Muslim
  9. ^ Nu'man (2020, p. 282, Narrated by Urwah ibn az-Zubayr, that his father forbade his sons to sleep during morning prayer time;narrated by Hadith scholar Ibn Abi Shaybah)

Further reading[edit]