Highway 50 (Israel–Palestine)

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Highway 50
כביש 50
Menahem Begin Boulevard
Hebrew: כביש בגין, romanizedSderot Menahem Begin
Begin Expressway
Hebrew: שדרות מנחם בגין, romanized: Kvish Begin
Route information
Length13.5 km (8.4 mi)
16.2 km (10 mi)
upon completion of Begin South
ExistedJune 1998–present
Major junctions
South end
  • Rozmarin Interchange
    (HaMinharot Junction)
Major intersections
  • Dov Yosef Interchange
  • Malha Interchange
  • Golomb Interchange
  • Givat Mordechai Interchange
  • Kiryat Moshe Interchange
  • Givat Shaul Interchange
  • Golda Meir Interchange
  • Yigael Yadin Interchange
  • Benzion Netanyahu Interchange
North end
  • Atarot Junction
Location
CountryIsrael
Major citiesJerusalem
Neighborhoods:
Gilo, Beit Safafa, Malha/Manahat, Holyland, Katamonim, Bayit VeGan, Beit HaKerem, Givat Mordechai, Kiryat Moshe, Kiryat HaLeom, Givat Shaul, Har Hotzvim, Ramot, Beit Hanina, Atarot
Highway system
Highway 46 Highway 55

Highway 50 (formerly Route 404), officially called Begin Boulevard (Hebrew: שדרות בגין, Sderot Begin) and also referred to as Menachem Begin Expressway or Begin Highway, is an urban freeway in western Jerusalem named after Israel's sixth Prime Minister, Menachem Begin. Local Jerusalemites simply refer to it as 'Begin' (Hebrew pronunciation: [ˈbegin]). It continues into the Palestinian territories.

Route[edit]

The road follows a south-north path that connects key neighborhoods and commercial areas, as well as several city arteries and national routes. Beginning at the Rosmarin Interchange (formerly the Tunnels Junction) of the Gush Road in Gilo, the road arcs north-westward through Gilo, Beit Safafa and Sharafat turning northward through Malha. Passing Golomb Blvd, the road travels below a high ridge to the west on which sits the Holyland Park building complex. To the east is Emek Hatzva'im (Gazelle Valley), a green zone which was previously leased to Kiryat Anavim and Ma'ale HaHamisha and used for agricultural purposes.[1] Further on, the path was excavated to create a depressed roadway between Bayit Vegan, Givat Mordechai, Ramat Beit HaKerem and Givat Ram. This section is equipped with noise barriers and speed cameras.[2]

The road then passes through two tunnels under Jaffa Road and the busy western entrance to Jerusalem. Winding down the western and northern slopes below Romema, the road steeply descends 150 meters into Emek HaArazim (Valley of Cedars) with interchanges at Golda Meir Blvd (Route 436) and Yigal Yadin Blvd (Highway 1). Passing between Ramot and Ramat Shlomo, the road continues through the West Bank passing Beit Hanina, Bir Nabala and Atarot. Finally at Atarot Junction, Highway 50 officially becomes Highway 45 providing a continuous connection to Route 443 to Modi'in and the Tel Aviv area.

History[edit]

Old designation

Begin Boulevard is made of the central section, which was completed two years ahead of schedule in June 1998,[3] and the northern extension completed in late 2002[4]

Since its construction, the road was called national Route 404.[5] In internal Jerusalem Municipality documentation, it was known as Jerusalem Road 4. In 2012, the Israel Ministry of Transport and the Jerusalem Municipality began using the designation 50.[6][7] New blue "Highway 50" signs were posted by the National Roads Company of Israel to reflect this change.[8][9][10] The Moriah-Jerusalem Development Corporation, responsible for road construction in Jerusalem also uses the designation, 50.

50/20[edit]

In the north, the "50/20 Interchange Project" was approved in 2010 along with the new Jerusalem Road 20 through Beit Hanina following Abdul Hamid Shomaan St. and Hizma Rd. to Sayeret Duchifat Blvd. Construction was begun in 2011. This route alleviates heavy traffic at Sha'ar Mizrach Junction (Highway 1 and Route 60) by providing an alternative route via Begin to central Jerusalem and Route 443 to Tel Aviv for residents of Beit Hanina, Shuafat, Pisgat Ze'ev and Neve Ya'akov.[11][12] The preliminarily named "50/20 Interchange" was officially opened on 5 May 2013 and renamed after Benzion Netanyahu, the Israeli historian and father of Benjamin Netanyahu.[13]

Begin South[edit]

Begin South

The "Begin South Project", first planned in 1990, involved widening Begin Boulevard from 4 to 6 lanes and extending it as a freeway past Golumb Blvd. to connect with Route 60 at the Tunnels Road in Gilo to Gush Etzion.[14][15][16][17][18] Construction proceeded in stages beginning in 2010 to widen the highway between Givat Mordechai Interchange and Golomb Junction. At the same time, reconstruction of sewer lines further south was completed in order to accommodate the lowering of the highway to pass under Golomb Boulevard and local streets next to the Malha Mall, Teddy Stadium and the Jerusalem Malha Railway Station with interchange access to these locations. In 2013, a tunnel was built creating the new Golomb Interchange and work proceeded lowering the road past the Malha Mall and Teddy Stadium with service roads on either side. This first stage was completed at the end of 2014.

Further south, past the Malha Railway Station, work continued through the neighborhood of Sharafat with the completion of the second stage and the opening of Dov Yosef Interchange in March 2015.

The final stage of the project between Dov Yosef Boulevard and Rosmarin Street through the neighborhood of Beit Safafa went ahead despite the residents' objections and requests for a tunnel. The highway was built as a slightly depressed roadway with a 200 meter wide, park-covered bridge at al-Qa'ash St. connecting the south-west corner of the neighborhood with its center.[12][19][20] Ongoing litigation between the residents and the municipality regarding the proximity of the highway to houses and the desire for additional crossing points continued during the construction process.[21] Construction of ramps to Rosmarin Street were completed in the spring of 2016,[22] while the underpass of Rosmarin Interchange connecting Highway 50 with Highway 60 southward was completed in September 2017.[23][24] The total cost for the project was 1.1 B Shekels.[6][25]

Future[edit]

In the center, a plan has been published to connect Begin Boulevard at Givat Mordechai Interchange to Highway 1 at the new Motza Interchange via the new Jerusalem Road 16. The road would travel mostly through a series of tunnels under the parking lots of Shaare Zedek Medical Center and the west Jerusalem neighborhoods of Yefeh Nof and Har Nof. In the center, the above ground Nahal Revida Interchange would lead to Givat Shaul. This would create another entrance to Jerusalem to ease the traffic congestion at the Ben Gurion Blvd./Jaffa Road entrance and provide direct access to south Jerusalem from the west.[26] Expected to be completed by 2018, the plan still has to pass stiff resistance on ecological grounds due to the above ground section at Nahal Revida located in the Jerusalem Forest.[27]

Interchanges & Junctions (South to North)[edit]

Southward toward Rozmarin Interchange
Northward toward Kiryat Moshe Interchange
with noise barriers
Northward toward Givat Shaul Interchange
Northward at Yigal Yadin Interchange
Northward approaching Atarot Junction
km Name Type Meaning Location Road(s) Crossed
Jerusalem Municipality
0 מחלף רוזמרין
(Rosmarin Interchange),
צומת המנהרות
(HaMinharot Junction)
AB-AS-blau.svgILjunction-rosmarinbeige.png Rosemary,
The Tunnels
Gilo &
Beit Safafa
neighborhoods
HaRosmarin St.,
ISR-HW-60.svg Highway 60
(Tunnels Road from Gush Etzion)
0.8 Tunnels
4 lanes, 200 meters
AB-Tunnel.svgAB-Tunnel.svg al-Qa'ash St.
1.5 מחלף דב יוסף
(Dov Yosef Interchange)[28][29]
AB-AS-blau.svgILjunction-dovyosefbeige.png named after
Dov Yosef
Gilo,
Beit Safafa &
Sharafat
neighborhoods
Dov Yosef Blvd.
2 Green Line
2.7 מחלף מלחה
(Malha Interchange)
AB-AS-blau.svgILjunction-malhabeige.png named after
location
Malha Mall,
Teddy Stadium,
Jerusalem Tennis Center,
Malha Railway Station,
Jerusalem Technology Park,
Jerusalem Arena,
Malha/Manahat neighborhood
Beitar Sport Assn. Rd.,
David Ayalon St.,
HaPoel Sport Assn. Rd.,
Maccabi Sport Assn Rd.,
Yitzhak Moda'i St.,
David Benvenisti St.
3.3 Tunnels
6 lanes, 240 meters
AB-Tunnel.svgAB-Tunnel.svg Eliyahu Golomb Blvd.
3.4 מחלף גולומב
(Golomb Interchange)
[Note1]
AB-AS-blau.svgILjunction-golumbbeige.png Holyland,
Malha/Manahat &
Katamonim
neighborhoods
Eliyahu Golomb Blvd.,
Beitar Sport Assn. Rd.
4.4 מנהרות בייט
Beyth Tunnels
4 lanes, 310 metres
AB-Tunnel.svgAB-Tunnel.svg Shmuel Beyth St.,
Bezalel Bazak St.
4.6 מחלף גבעת מרדכי
(Givat Mordechai Interchange)
AB-AS-blau.svgILjunction-givat-mordechaibeige.png Mordechai's Hill Givat Mordechai,
Ramat Beit HaKerem &
Bayit Vegan
neighborhoods
Shmuel Beyth St.,
Bezalel Bazak St.,
Jerusalem Road 16
(planned)
6.4 מחלף קרית משה
(Kiryat Moshe Interchange)
AB-AS-blau.svgILjunction-kiryatmoshebeige.png Moses' Town Kiryat HaLeom
(National Precinct) &
Kiryat Moshe
neighborhoods
Yitzhak Rabin St.
7 Tunnels
6 lanes, 570 metres
AB-Tunnel.svgAB-Tunnel.svg Shazar Blvd.,
Herzl Blvd.,
Weizmann Blvd.,
Jaffa Road
7.8 מחלף גבעת שאול
(Givat Shaul Interchange)
(northbound entrance)
(southbound exit)
AB-AS-blau.svgILjunction-givatshaulbeige.png Saul's Hill Givat Shaul neighborhood Ben Gurion Blvd.,
Givat Shaul St.
Weizmann Blvd.,
(to Jaffa Road)
9.3 מחלף גולדה מאיר
(Golda Meir Interchange )
(southbound entrance)
(northbound exit)
AB-AS-blau.svgILjunction-goldameir.png Named after
Golda Meir
Har Hotzvim
High-Tech Park,
Ramot neighborhood
ISR-HW-436.svg Route 436
(Golda Meir Blvd.)
10.1 Green Line
10.2 מחלף יגאל ידין
(Yigael Yadin Interchange)
AB-Kreuz-blau.svgILjunction-yadinbeige.png Named after
Yigael Yadin
North entrance to Jerusalem,
Ramot and Ramat Shlomo
neighborhoods
ISR-FW-1.svg Highway 1
(Jerusalem Road 9/
Yigael Yadin Blvd.)
Jerusalem Municipality
12.5 מחלף בן ציון נתניהו
(Benzion Netanyahu
Interchange)
[13]
AB-AS-blau.svgILjunction-netanyahu.png named after
Benzion Netanyahu
Beit Hanina neighborhood Jerusalem Road 20
(Abdul Hamid Shomaan St.)
to Pisgat Ze'ev
16.2 צומת עטרות
(Atarot Junction)
ILramzor2.svg Crowns Atarot
Industrial Park
ISR-HW-45.svg Highway 45
(to ISR-HW-443.svg Route 443)
note 1 Upon completion, "Golumb Interchange" is expected to be renamed "Yitzhak Shamir Interchange" after Israel's 7th Prime Minister.[30]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mountain gazelles of the Gazelle Valley in Jerusalem – an urban nature reserve". Kaitholil.com. 11 January 2019. Archived from the original on 21 January 2019. Retrieved 21 January 2019.
  2. ^ Street View - Kryat Moshe Interchange - example of speed camera and noise barrier (Map). Google Maps. November 2011. Retrieved 25 June 2013.
  3. ^ Elli Wohlgelernter (17 June 1998). "Begin Boulevard opens in Jerusalem". The Jerusalem Post. Archived from the original on 29 June 2013. Retrieved 16 May 2013.
  4. ^ Route 4 project page from Moriah web site[permanent dead link].
  5. ^ Street View - Higheway 45 westbound approacing Atarot Junction (Map). Google Maps. November 2011. Retrieved 25 June 2013.
  6. ^ a b "Continuation of Begin South (Highway 50), in Jerusalem". Ministry of Transport, National Infrastructure and Road Safety. Archived from the original on 18 December 2012. Retrieved 23 August 2011.(in Hebrew)
  7. ^ "Arterial road system planned for 2012". Jerusalem Municipality. sections 1 and 4. Archived from the original on 11 January 2013. Retrieved 4 August 2012.(in Hebrew)
  8. ^ Street View - Golumb Blvd. westbound to Begin Boulevard northbound (Map). Google Maps. July 2015. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
  9. ^ Street View - Golumb Blvd. eastbound to Begin Boulevard northbound (Map). Google Maps. July 2015. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
  10. ^ Street View - Beitar Sport Association Rd. northbound to Begin Boulevard northbound (Map). Google Maps. July 2015. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
  11. ^ "50/20 Interchange and Road 20". Moriah-Jerusalem Development Corporation. Archived from the original on 11 June 2012. Retrieved 16 May 2012.(in Hebrew)
  12. ^ a b Akiva Eldar (2 December 2011). "Israel paving road to link East Jerusalem neighborhoods to city center". Haaretz. Retrieved 16 May 2012.
  13. ^ a b "The road that will connect the north of the city to Begin open to traffic" (PDF). Jerusalem Municipality. sections 1 and 4. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 October 2020. Retrieved 30 April 2013.(in Hebrew)
  14. ^ Nir Hassan (20 December 2012). "New Jerusalem highway to cut Arab neighborhood in half". Haaretz. Retrieved 25 December 2012.
  15. ^ "Latest Projects - Begin Highway 50". Moriah-Jerusalem Development Corporation. Archived from the original on 1 October 2011. Retrieved 23 August 2011.(in Hebrew)
  16. ^ "Roads Planned and Under Construstion". Jerusalem Transport Master Plan Committee. Archived from the original on 18 December 2012. Retrieved 23 August 2011.(in Hebrew)
  17. ^ "Jerusalem's Begin Highway to be extended". Israel Transport blogspot (Summary of Hebrew references in English). 11 March 2011. Retrieved 23 August 2011.(in English)
  18. ^ "Jerusalem Transportation Network-map". Jerusalem Transport Master Plan Committee. Archived from the original on 16 March 2012. Retrieved 23 August 2011.(in Hebrew)
  19. ^ Melanie Lidman (3 August 2011). "J'lem municipality, Moriah announce highway extension plan". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 20 October 2011.
  20. ^ Maya Hordonichono (13 August 2011). "Despite Beit Safafa's Complaint's, Begin Highway Extension Has Begun (with photo)". nrg Maariv. Retrieved 20 October 2011.(in Hebrew)
  21. ^ Nir Hasson (26 June 2011). "Supreme Court gives Israel 30 days to resolve controversy over East Jerusalem highway". Haaretz. Retrieved 27 June 2013.
  22. ^ "The mega-road that will change the city". Jerusalem Municipality. 27 April 2014. Retrieved 16 May 2014.(in Hebrew)
  23. ^ "Jerusalem in 10 minutes". nrg Maariv. 23 November 2015. Retrieved 21 December 2015.(in Hebrew)
  24. ^ "Coming soon: a new southern gateway to Jerusalem". Israel Ministry of Transport, National Infrastructure and Road Safety. 25 November 2015. Retrieved 21 December 2015.(in Hebrew)
  25. ^ Yonah Jeremy Bob (14 October 2013). "Supreme Court hears appeal to stop road slated to traverse capital neighborhood". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 14 October 2013.
  26. ^ "Road 16, New entrance to Jerusalem, between Motza and Begin Highway". Israel Ministry of Transport, National Infrastructure and Road Safety. Archived from the original on 15 October 2013. Retrieved 2 December 2012.(in Hebrew)
  27. ^ "Save the Jerusalem Forest: Road 16". Forum of Organizations for the Jerusalem Forest. Archived from the original on 9 August 2011. Retrieved 2 December 2012.
  28. ^ "Traffic arrangement for construction of Dov Yosef Interchange" (PDF). official placard. Jerusalem Municipality. Retrieved 14 July 2014.(in Hebrew)
  29. ^ "Traffic arrangement for construction of Dov Yosef Interchange". public notification. Jerusalem Municipality. 29 June 2014. Retrieved 14 July 2014.(in Hebrew)
  30. ^ Yosi Eli (3 December 2012). "New Interchanges in Jerusalem to immortalize central Likud figures". nrg Maariv. Retrieved 26 December 2013.(in Hebrew)

Coordinates: 31°48′07″N 35°12′08″E / 31.80194°N 35.20222°E / 31.80194; 35.20222