Holy city

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A holy city is a city important to the history or faith of a specific religion. Such cities may also contain at least one headquarters complex (often containing a religious edifice, seminary, shrine, residence of the leading cleric of the religion and/or chambers of the religious leadership's offices) which constitutes a major destination of human traffic, or pilgrimage to the city, especially for major ceremonies and observances. A holy city is a symbolic city, representing attributes beyond its natural characteristics. Marketing experts have suggested that holy cities may be the oldest brands, and more specifically, place brands because they have value added via the perception of religious adherents.Kashi is Considered as one of the oldest & most holy city in world & very popular among Hindu ,It is believed that dying on Land of kashi Offers Salvation. Similarly, Vatican City is Holiest one for Christian & Mecca for Muslims.[1]

List of holy cities in the world[edit]

Africa[edit]

City Country Religion(s)
Axum Ethiopia Ethiopia Christianity
Alexandria Egypt Egypt Christianity[2]
Ewu Nigeria Nigeria Christianity
Ifẹ Nigeria Nigeria Yoruba religion
Lalibela Ethiopia Ethiopia Chistianity
Nkamba Democratic Republic of the Congo Democratic Republic of the Congo Kimbanguism
Zion City Moria South Africa South Africa Christianity

Asia[edit]

Varanasi, a major pilgrimage site for millions of Hindus
Varanasi, one of the oldest and holiest cities of Hinduism
Amritsar, home of the Harmandir Sahib
Amritsar, the holiest city of Sikhism

Western and South Asia[edit]

Haram-e-Sharif, or Temple Mount in Jerusalem, a holy city in Judaism, Christianity and Islam
Nazareth a holy city in Christianity
Kaaba in Mecca, the holiest city of Islam
City Country Religion(s)
Amritsar India India Sikhism
Anandpur Sahib India India Sikhism
Ayodhya India India Hinduism
Balkh Afghanistan Afghanistan Islam[3] (Shia)
Beirut Lebanon Lebanon Christianity
Bethlehem State of Palestine Palestine Judaism,[4] Christianity
Bodh Gaya India India Buddhism, Hinduism
Dwarka India India Hinduism
Haifa Israel Israel Baháʼí Faith
Hebron State of Palestine Palestine Judaism[5]
Hittin Israel Israel Druze faith[6]
Jerusalem Contested Christianity, Islam, Judaism
Kanchipuram India India Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism
Haridwar India India Hinduism
Karbala Iraq Iraq Islam (Shia)
Kathmandu Nepal Nepal Hinduism
Khalwat al-Bayada Lebanon Lebanon Druze faith[7]
Kufa Iraq Iraq Islam (Shia)
Lahore Pakistan Pakistan Islam, Sikhism
Lumbini Nepal Nepal Buddhism
Mashhad Iran Iran Islam (Shia)
Mathura India India Hinduism
Mecca Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia Islam
Medina Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia Islam
Meron Israel Israel Judaism[8]
Mount Sinai Egypt Egypt Christianity, Judaism
Nablus State of Palestine Palestine Judaism,[9] Samaritanism[10]
Najaf Iraq Iraq Islam (Shia)
Nankana Sahib Pakistan Pakistan Sikhism
Nazareth Israel Israel Christianity[11]
Prayagraj India India Hinduism
Safed Israel Israel Judaism
Tiberias Israel Israel Judaism
Vagharshapat Armenia Armenia Christianity
Varanasi India India Hinduism, Buddhism

Central and East Asia[edit]

City Country Religion(s)
Beigang Taiwan Taiwan Folk religion
Dajia Taiwan Taiwan Folk religion
Ise Japan Japan Shinto
Kyoto Japan Japan Buddhism, Shinto
Lhasa Tibet Tibet Buddhism
Turkistan Kazakhstan Kazakhstan Sufism

Southeast Asia[edit]

Baiturrahman Grand Mosque in Banda Aceh, symbol of Islamic sharia law's application in Aceh
City Country Religion(s)
Antipolo Philippines Philippines Christianity
Bali Indonesia Indonesia Hinduism
Cebu City Philippines Philippines Christianity[12]
El Salvador, Misamis Oriental Philippines Philippines Christianity[13]
Makati Philippines Philippines Christianity
Manila Philippines Philippines Christianity
Siem Reap Cambodia Cambodia Buddhism, Hinduism
Valenzuela, Metro Manila Philippines Philippines Christianity
Zamboanga City Philippines Philippines Christianity

Europe[edit]

City Country Religion(s)
Assisi Italy Italy Christianity
Athens Greece Greece Christianity
Avila Spain Spain Christianity[14]
Barcelona Spain Spain Christianity[15]
Canterbury England England Christianity
Caravaca de la Cruz Spain Spain Christianity
Cologne Germany Germany Christianity
Corinth Greece Greece Christianity
Częstochowa Poland Poland Christianity
Fátima Portugal Portugal Christianity
Istanbul Turkey Turkey Christianity[16][17]
Kilkenny Republic of Ireland Ireland Christianity[18][19]
Madrid Spain Spain Christianity
Medjugorje Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina Christianity
Milan Italy Italy Christianity
Munich Germany Germany Christianity
Mtskheta Georgia (country) Georgia Christianity[20]
Ohrid North Macedonia North Macedonia Christianity
Paris France France Christianity
Prague Czech Republic Czech Republic Christianity
Rome Italy Italy Christianity
Santiago de Compostela Spain Spain Christianity[21]
Santo Toribio de Liébana Spain Spain Christianity
Toledo Spain Spain Christianity
Uman Ukraine Ukraine Breslov Hasidic Judaism[22]
Vatican City Vatican City Vatican City Christianity
Walsingham England England Christianity[14]
Warsaw Poland Poland Christianity
Leeds England England Christianity

North America[edit]

City Country Religion(s)
Clearwater, Florida United States United States Church of Scientology
Mexico City Mexico Mexico Christianity
Quebec City Canada Canada Christianity
Salt Lake City United States United States Latter Day Saint movement
Siparia Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago Islam, Christianity, Buddhism, Hinduism[23]

South America[edit]

City Country Religion(s)
Aparecida Brazil Brazil Christianity[24]
Luján Argentina Argentina Christianity[25]
Buenos Aires Argentina Argentina Christianity
Lima Peru Peru Christianity
Rio de Janeiro Brazil Brazil Christianity
São Paulo Brazil Brazil Christianity

References[edit]

  1. ^ Metti, Michael Sebastian (1 June 2011). "Jerusalem – the most powerful brand in history". Stockholm University School of Business. Archived from the original on 12 June 2011. Retrieved 1 July 2011.
  2. ^ Jr, Rev John Trigilio; Brighenti, Rev Kenneth; Cafone, Rev Monsignor James (10 May 2011). Catholic Mass For Dummies. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 9780470767863 – via Google Books.
  3. ^ "Visit Mazar-i-Sharif Afghanistan • The City Of The Noble Shrine". www.joaoleitao.com.
  4. ^ "Bethlehem". www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org. Retrieved 12 July 2021.
  5. ^ "Four Holy Cities of Israel: What and Why?". Chabad.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  6. ^ Dana, Nissim. (2003). The Druze in the Middle East: Their Faith, Leadership, Identity and Status, Sussex Academic Press, pp. 28–30.
  7. ^ Nissîm Dānā (2003). The Druze in the Middle East: Their Faith, Leadership, Identity and Status. Sussex Academic Press. pp. 38–. ISBN 978-1-903900-36-9. Retrieved 11 September 2012.
  8. ^ "Meron: Tomb of Rabbi Shimon Ben Yochai".{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  9. ^ "Shechem (Nablus)". www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org. Retrieved 12 July 2021.
  10. ^ UNESCO World Heritage Centre (11 October 2017). "Mount Gerizim and the Samaritans". Retrieved 24 December 2020.
  11. ^ Jeffrey, David L. (1992). A Dictionary of biblical tradition in English literature. Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing. pp. 538–40. ISBN 978-0-85244-224-1. Archived from the original on 8 October 2020. Retrieved 1 November 2020.
  12. ^ "Pilgrimage to the Philippines for the 51st International Eucharistic Congress, 2016".
  13. ^ BusinessWeek Mindanao 26 August 2011: "Divine Mercy Shrine in Misamis Oriental celebrates Birthday of the Blessed Virgin Mary" Archived 2018-03-16 at the Wayback Machine
  14. ^ a b "The Top Write Your Own Gadgets & E-commerce Product Reviews". esteponapress.com. 25 December 2020.
  15. ^ "10 Destinos únicos para todo o peregrino católico visitar".
  16. ^ Parry, Ken (2009). Christianity: Religions of the Wold. Infobase Publishing. p. 139. ISBN 9781438106397.
  17. ^ Parry, Ken (2010). The Blackwell Companion to Eastern Christianity. John Wiley & Sons. p. 368. ISBN 9781444333619.
  18. ^ "The Kilkenny Cats - Popular Rhymes and Sayings of Ireland". www.libraryireland.com.
  19. ^ "St Canice's Cathedral is Kilkenny's Sacré Coeur - except that it has ghosts". www.kilkennypeople.ie.
  20. ^ "Historical city Mtskheta becomes "Holy City"". Agenda.ge. 7 April 2014. Retrieved 4 October 2014.
  21. ^ Encyclopaedia Britannica; Or A Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, and Miscellaneous Literature. Archibald Constable. 1823. p. 500.
  22. ^ "Pilgrimage to Uman • Abbas • Patrick Zachmann • Magnum Photos Magnum Photos". Magnum Photos. Retrieved 12 July 2021.
  23. ^ Keith McNeal (March–April 2002). "Miracle Mother — Siparee Mai, La Divina Pastora". Caribbean Beat Magazine.
  24. ^ Humanas, Alexandre De Freitas-Graduado E. Pós-graduado Em Ciências (16 July 2012). "Cidades e Lugares: Cidades sagradas para o Cristianismo".
  25. ^ Martin Gray (2022). "Luján". Sacred Sites.

External links[edit]