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Kafr 'Aqab

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Kafr 'Aqab
كفر عقب
Arabic transcription(s)
 • Arabicكفر عقب
 • LatinKafr Aqab
Kfar 'Aqab, 2013
Kfar 'Aqab, 2013
Kafr 'Aqab is located in the West Bank
Kafr 'Aqab
Kafr 'Aqab
Location of Kafr 'Aqab in East Jerusalem
Coordinates: 31°52′33″N 35°13′11″E / 31.87583°N 35.21972°E / 31.87583; 35.21972Coordinates: 31°52′33″N 35°13′11″E / 31.87583°N 35.21972°E / 31.87583; 35.21972
Palestine grid171/143
GovernorateJerusalem
Government
 • TypeMunicipality
Population
 (2017)[1]
 • Total24,724
Name meaningThe village of the steep or mountain road[2]

Kafr 'Aqab (Arabic: كفر عقب) is the northernmost Palestinian Arab neighborhood in East Jerusalem. It is part of the area annexed and included in municipal Jerusalem following its occupation by Israel in 1967. This area includes an additional approximate 64 km2 (25 sq mi)[a] of the West Bank, including territory which previously included 28 villages and areas of the Bethlehem and Beit Jala municipalities.[4][5] Although the Jerusalem Law did not use the term, the Israeli Supreme Court interpreted the law as an effective annexation of East Jerusalem.[6] The United Nations Security Council condemned the attempted change in status to Jerusalem and ruled the law "null and void" in United Nations Security Council Resolution 478.

Due to the Separation Wall effectively cutting the neighborhood off from the rest of Jerusalem, while no such barrier exists between this neighborhood and Ramallah and Al-Bireh, this neighborhood is practically part of the metropolitan area of Ramallah.

Location

Kafr 'Aqab is located 11.2 kilometers (7.0 mi) north of Central Jerusalem and 2 kilometers (1.2 mi) southeast of Ramallah.

It is bordered by Burqa lands to the east, Al Bireh to the north, Rafat and Qalandiya to the west, and Ar Ram, Qalandiya and Qalandiya Camp to the south.[7]

History

The Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) suggested that Kafr 'Aqab was the Crusader village Kefreachab, which was one of 21 villages given by King Godfrey as a fief to the Church of the Holy Sepulchre.[8][9]

Ottoman era

In 1517, the village was included in the Ottoman empire with the rest of Palestine and in the 1596 tax-records it appeared as Kafr 'Aqba, located in the Nahiya of Jabal Quds of the Liwa of Al-Quds. The population was 47 households, all Muslims. They paid a fixed tax rate of 33,3% on agricultural products, including wheat, barley, olive trees, vineyards, fruit trees, goats and beehives in addition to "occasional revenues"; a total of 3,100 akçe.[10]

In 1838, Edward Robinson noted Kafr 'Aqab during his travels in the region,[11] as a Muslim village, part of El-Kuds district.[12]

An official Ottoman village list sometime around 1870 listed Kefr 'Akab as having 15 houses and a population of 65, though the population count included men, only.[13][14] In 1883, SWP described it as "a small hamlet on the slope of a hillside, with a few olives."[15]

In 1896 the population of Kefr 'akab was estimated to be about 135 persons.[16]

British Mandate era

In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Kafr 'Aqab had a population of 189 Muslims,[17] increasing in the 1931 census to 250 Muslims, in 59 houses.[18]

In the 1945 statistics the population of Kafr 'Aqab consisted of 290 Muslims[19] and the land area was 5,472 dunams, according to an official land and population survey.[20] Of this, 829 dunams were for plantations and irrigable land, 2,736 for cereals,[21] while 10 dunams were built-up areas.[22]

Jordanian era

In the wake of the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, and after the 1949 Armistice Agreements, Kafr 'Aqab came under Jordanian rule, and was annexed in 1950.

In 1961, the population was 410 persons.[23]

Post-1967

After the Six-Day War in 1967, Kafr 'Aqab has been under Israeli occupation. The population in the 1967 census conducted by the Israeli authorities was 287, of whom 8 originated from the Israeli territory.[24]

Israel has confiscated 2,037 dunams of land from Kafr 'Aqab in order to construct the Israeli settlement of Kokhav Ya'acov.[25]

According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, in 2006, Kafr 'Aqab had a population of 10,411.[26] Primary health care for Kafr 'Aqab is obtained in Al-Ram.[27][citation needed] In 2007, Kfar 'Aqab was described as a middle class suburb.[28]

While Kafr 'Aqab was unilaterally annexed by Israel with the rest of East Jerusalem and falls under its full jurisdiction, it is separated from Jerusalem by the Israeli West Bank barrier. Municipal inspectors never inspect the area beyond the barrier. This creates "a planning nightmare and developer's dream".[29]

The al-Faruq mosque in Kafr 'Aqab offers weekly classes in the Islamic teachings of Hizb ut-Tahrir.[28]

Current Developments

The Israeli Construction and Housing Ministry began preparing the master plan for a new Jewish neighborhood to be located at the northern edge of Jerusalem on land near the former Atarot airport currently inhabited by some 15 Palestinian families and will stretch up to the separation barrier, which will be the border between the new neighborhood and the Palestinian Kafr Aqab neighborhood. The land is slated to become part of the Palestinian state under U.S. President Donald Trump's peace plan. Though Kafr Aqab is considered to be part of Jerusalem, it is on the other side of the barrier wall.[30]

Notes

  1. ^ According to Ian Lustick the area consisted of 71 km2 (27 sq mi)[3]

References

  1. ^ Jerusalem Municipality - Kafr Aqab Neighborhood Link
  2. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 297
  3. ^ Lustick 1997, pp. 35, 37.
  4. ^ Holzman-Gazit, Yifat (2016). Land Expropriation in Israel: Law, Culture and Society. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-317-10836-8.
  5. ^ Schmidt, Yvonne (2008). Foundations of Civil and Political Rights in Israel and the Occupied Territories. GRIN Verlag. ISBN 978-3-638-94450-2.
  6. ^ Eyal Benvenisti (23 February 2012). The International Law of Occupation. OUP Oxford. pp. 205–. ISBN 978-0-19-958889-3.
  7. ^ Kafr 'Aqab village profile, ARIJ, p. 4
  8. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1883, SWP III, p. 11
  9. ^ de Roziére, 1849, p. 30: Cafareab, p. 262: Keffreca. Both cited in Röhricht, 1893, RRH, pp. 16-17, No 74
  10. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 118
  11. ^ Robinson and Smith, 1841, vol 2, p. 315
  12. ^ Robinson and Smith, 1841, vol 3, Appendix 2, p. 122
  13. ^ Socin, 1879, p. 156 It was also noted as part of the el-kuds district
  14. ^ Hartmann, 1883, p. 127, also noted 15 houses
  15. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1883, SWP III, p. 10
  16. ^ Schick, 1896, p. 121
  17. ^ Barron, 1923, Table VII, Sub-district of Jerusalem, p. 14
  18. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 37
  19. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 25
  20. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 57
  21. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 103
  22. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 153
  23. ^ Government of Jordan, Department of Statistics, 1964, p. 24 It was further noted (note 2) that it was governed by a mukhtar.
  24. ^ Perlmann, Joel (November 2011 – February 2012). "The 1967 Census of the West Bank and Gaza Strip: A Digitized Version" (PDF). Levy Economics Institute. Retrieved 24 January 2018.
  25. ^ Kafr 'Aqab village profile, ARIJ, p. 15
  26. ^ Projected Mid -Year Population for Jerusalem Governorate by Locality 2004- 2006 Archived 2012-02-07 at the Wayback Machine Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics.
  27. ^ West Bank Healthcare Archived 2006-03-13 at the Library of Congress Web Archives
  28. ^ a b Palestinians back caliphate over politics, The Telegraph
  29. ^ Israeli, Palestinian boys soccer tournament exposes reality of Jerusalem life, Haaretz
  30. ^ "Israel Planning Jewish Neighborhood on Land Trump Slated for Palestinians". Haaretz. February 18, 2020. Archived from the original on February 18, 2020. Retrieved April 7, 2020.

Bibliography

External links