Kiryat Bialik

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Kiryat Bialik
קִרְייַת בְּיַאלִיק
Hebrew transcription(s)
 • ISO 259Qiryat Byáˀliq (Bialik)
Krayon.jpg
Official logo of Kiryat Bialik
Kiryat Bialik is located in Haifa region of Israel
Kiryat Bialik
Kiryat Bialik
Kiryat Bialik is located in Israel
Kiryat Bialik
Kiryat Bialik
Coordinates: 32°50′N 35°05′E / 32.833°N 35.083°E / 32.833; 35.083Coordinates: 32°50′N 35°05′E / 32.833°N 35.083°E / 32.833; 35.083
Country Israel
District Haifa
Founded1934
Government
 • MayorEli Dukorsky
Area
 • Total8,178 dunams (8.178 km2 or 3.158 sq mi)
Population
 (2022)[1]
 • Total43,955
 • Density5,400/km2 (14,000/sq mi)
Name meaningBialik Town
Websitewww.qbialik.org.il

Kiryat Bialik (Hebrew: קִרְייַת בְּיַאלִיק, also Qiryat Bialik) is a city in the Haifa District in Israel. It is one of the five Krayot suburbs to the north of Haifa. In 2019 it had a population of 40,231.[1]

The city was named after the poet Hayim Nahman Bialik.

History[edit]

In 1924, Ephraim and Sabina Katz, who immigrated from Romania, were the first Jews to settle in the Zevulun Valley in Haifa Bay. Their farm was destroyed in the 1929 Palestine riots. The one house that survived the riots, Beit Katz, was bequeathed to Kiryat Bialik in 1959 and designated for public use.[2]

The town of Kiryat Bialik was established in July 1934 by a group of German Jewish immigrants who received a plot of land from the Jewish National Fund. The residents were mainly free professionals, doctors, engineers and lawyers who lived in private homes with gardens. During World War II, Kiryat Bialik was bombed due to its proximity to the oil refineries in Haifa.

Kfar Bialik, 1939

In 1950, it was declared a local council, attaining city status in 1976.[3]

Local government[edit]

Mayors[edit]

  • Zvi Karliner (1945-1985);
  • Danny Zack (1985-2003);
  • Rafi Wertheim (2003-2008);
  • Eli Dukorsky (2008-)[4]

Demographics[edit]

Kiryat Bialik in 1944

According to CBS, the ethnic makeup of Kiryat Bialik in 2008 was all Jewish, without a significant Arab population. There were 17,900 males and 19,200 females. In 2003 25.8% of the population was 19 years of age or younger, 15.8% between 20 and 29, 17.4% between 30 and 44, 21.5 from 45 to 59, 3.8% from 60 to 64, and 15.6% 65 years of age or older. The population growth rate in 2005 was -0.3%.The city is ranked medium-high on the socio-economic scale (7 out of 10)[5] Many Jewish immigrants have settled in Kiryat Bialik from Ethiopia, the former Soviet Union and Argentina.

Economy[edit]

According to CBS figures for 2002, there were 17,514 salaried workers and 912 self-employed in Kiryat Bialik. The mean monthly wage for a salaried worker was 6,119 NIS; salaried males had a mean monthly wage of 7,851 NIS versus 4,491 NIS for females The mean income for the self-employed was 5,996 NIS. 557 people received unemployment benefits and 2,701 people received a guaranteed minimum income.

The town was known for the Ata textile factory, established in 1934 by Erich Moller.[6]

The Ata plant, which opened in 1934, became an icon of the Israeli textile industry. It suffered from financial problems in the 1960s and closed down in 1985.[7]

Education[edit]

According to CBS, there are 9 schools and 6,291 students in the city: 6 elementary schools with 2,540 students, and 3 secondary education schools (2 junior high and 1 high school, under the same administration) with 3,751 students. 63.4% of 12th grade students were entitled to a Bagrut (matriculation) certificate in 2002.

Second Lebanon War (2006)[edit]

During the Second Lebanon War in 2006, the city suffered hits from 15 Katyushas and other types of rockets sent by Hezbollah.[8]

Notable people[edit]

Twin towns – sister cities[edit]

Kiryat Bialik is twinned with:[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Population in the Localities 2019" (XLS). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 August 2020.
  2. ^ Katz Gardens, Kiryat Bialik
  3. ^ "The History of the Town - A True Story". Archived from the original on 2011-08-15. Retrieved 2012-03-25.
  4. ^ Municipality of Kiryat Bialik
  5. ^ http://www.cbs.gov.il/www/publications/local_authorities2003/pdf/t02.pdf[bare URL PDF]
  6. ^ Ata: Factory, Fashion Dream
  7. ^ When the guns fell silent, Haaretz
  8. ^ "קריית ביאליק: שלטים במקומות נפילת הקטיושות". Ynet (in Hebrew). 2007-07-13. Retrieved 2016-03-14.
  9. ^ "Krayot website article".
  10. ^ "ערים תאומות". qbialik.org.il (in Hebrew). Kiryat Bialik. Retrieved 2020-02-24.