List of consulates-general in Jerusalem

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Consulates-General in Jerusalem

Currently, eight countries maintain consulates-general in Jerusalem: Belgium, France, Greece, Italy, Spain, Sweden, Turkey, and the United Kingdom. The Consulate General of the United States in Jerusalem was merged into the Embassy of the United States in 2018.[1] To this list, one usually includes the Vatican (Holy See), which maintains an "Apostolic Delegation to Jerusalem and Palestine" in Jerusalem.[2]

Some consulates-general in Jerusalem have jurisdiction over the Palestinian territories (the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, and the Gaza Strip), and their heads act as representatives to Palestine.[3][4]

These consulates are not diplomatic missions to Israel: the countries possessing consulates-general in Jerusalem maintain their embassies to Israel in Tel Aviv, and it is their ambassador in Tel Aviv that presents letters of credence to the president of Israel.


Having consulates-general in Jerusalem not accredited to any foreign government is a result of the unresolved issue of the status of Jerusalem. Under the United Nations Partition Plan of 1947, Jerusalem was to become a corpus separatum under international control, separate from both the Jewish state and the Arab one whose creation the partition plan envisaged; that would have logically entailed various countries having a separate diplomatic representation in Jerusalem. While the corpus separatum idea was never implemented, the status of Jerusalem remains disputed and unresolved. The international community never recognized the declaration of Jerusalem as Israel's capital in 1949 or the annexation of East Jerusalem to Israel in 1967. Thus, the anomalous Jerusalem consulates serve as a convenient way for various countries to have a diplomatic presence in the city without recognizing such Israeli "accomplished facts".

The United States maintained a consulate general in Jerusalem between 1844 and 2019, which was also responsible for conducting relations with Palestinians. After the United States relocated its Embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem in 2018, the Consulate General was formally merged into the US Embassy in early 2019, ending the US practice of accrediting separate missions to the Israelis and Palestinians. Most of its former responsibilities were assumed by a new Palestinian Affairs Unit which now works inside the Embassy in Jerusalem.[1][5]

List of missions[edit]

All countries with consulates-general in Jerusalem include the contacts with the Palestinian National Authority in the consulate-general's responsibilities. All countries with consulates-general in Jerusalem have separate embassies in Tel Aviv that are accredited to Israel.

Several more countries are represented by Jerusalem-based honorary consuls.[30]

Former missions[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c Palladino, Robert (4 March 2019). "Merger of U.S. Embassy Jerusalem and U.S. Consulate General Jerusalem". U.S. Embassy in Israel. Archived from the original on 6 March 2019. Retrieved 4 March 2019.
  2. ^ Mochon, Jean-Philippe (1996). "Le Consul Général de France à Jérusalem ; aspects historiques, juridiques et politiques de ses fonctions". Annuaire Français de Droit International (in French). 42 (1): 937, note 10. doi:10.3406/afdi.1996.3421.
  3. ^ a b staff, T. O. I. "Turkey appoints ambassador to 'Palestine'". Retrieved 2022-12-06.
  4. ^ "The Consul General of Sweden in Jerusalem , Ms Jessica Olausson, presents her letter of introduction to the President of the State of Palestine, H.E. Dr.... | By Consulate General of Sweden in Jerusalem | Facebook". Retrieved 2023-09-16.
  5. ^ Estrin, Daniel (1 March 2019). "As U.S. Jerusalem Consulate Shuts, Pro-Israel Envoy Takes On Palestinian Relations". National Public Radio. Retrieved 4 March 2019.
  6. ^ "Consulate General of Belgium in Jerusalem". 23 March 2016. Retrieved 2017-12-07.
  7. ^ "Palestinian territories". Archived from the original on 2010-12-26. Retrieved 2011-01-29.: "Belgian representation, ..., Location of the attaché: Jerusalem"
  8. ^ "Belgian consulate jerusalem - Google Search".
  9. ^ Republique Francaise. "Consulat Général de France à Jérusalem, Histoire". Archived from the original on 2011-07-25. Retrieved 2011-01-29.: "L’autonomie du Consulat général a également pour conséquence de luidonner un rôle inhabituel de représentation politique auprès des autorités palestiniennes. Avant même l’établissement de l’Autorité Palestinienne en 1994, le Consulat général menait, dans les Territoires occupés, une politique de coopération ..."
  10. ^ "Home".
  11. ^ "Consulate General of Greece in Jerusalem". Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 2017-12-07.: "Consulate General in Jerusalem"
  12. ^ "Israel - Contact details for Greek Missions". Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 2017-12-07.
  13. ^ "Contact - About Us". Retrieved 2022-12-06.
  14. ^ 1948: Established as Apostolic Delegation of Jerusalem and Palestine
  15. ^
  16. ^ "Consulate General of Italy in Jerusalem". Retrieved 2011-01-29.: "Consulate General of Italy (West Jerusalem) ... Consulate General of Italy (East Jerusalem)"
  17. ^ "Bilateral relations with the Countries of the Near East: Palestinian National Authority". Retrieved 2011-01-29.
  18. ^ "Consolato Generale - Gerusalemme".
  19. ^ "Recomendaciones de viaje - TERRITORIOS PALESTINOS". Archived from the original on 2010-11-04. Retrieved 2011-01-29.: "Representación de España - CONSULADO GENERAL EN JERUSALÉN"
  20. ^ "Localización y contacto".
  21. ^ "About the Consulate General". Archived from the original on 2010-12-31. Retrieved 2011-01-29.: "The Consulate General also follows and reports about the Israeli-Palestinian peace process through contacts with the Palestinian Authority."
  22. ^ "Consulate General of Sweden | SwedenAbroad". Archived from the original on 2012-05-11.
  23. ^ "The Consul General of Sweden in Jerusalem , Ms Jessica Olausson, presents her letter of introduction to the President of the State of Palestine, H.E. Dr.... | By Consulate General of Sweden in Jerusalem | Facebook". Retrieved 2023-09-16.
  24. ^ "Consulate General of Turkey, Jerusalem, Palestine". Retrieved 2011-01-29.: "Today, the jurisdiction of the Consulate General covers West Bank and Gaza Strip governed by the Palestinian National Authority. The city of Jerusalem with its surrounding areas as defined by the special status (corpus separatum) in the United Nations General Assembly Resolution No.181 in 1947, is also covered by the Consulate General."
  25. ^ UK Foreign & Commonwealth office. "Jerusalem, British Consulate-General". Retrieved 2011-01-29.
  26. ^ British Consulate-General Jerusalem. "UK in Jerusalem, About us". Retrieved 2011-01-29.: "Other locations - Find more information about other offices for the British Consulate in Palestinian Territories - Gaza"
  27. ^ British Consulate-General Jerusalem. "UK in Jerusalem, Other locations". Retrieved 2011-01-29.: "The British Information & Services Office (BISO) in Gaza, is affiliated with the British Consulate General in Jerusalem."
  28. ^ UK Foreign & Commonwealth office. "Occupied Palestine Territories, Gaza, British Information and Services Office". Retrieved 2011-01-29.
  29. ^ British Consulate-General Jerusalem
  30. ^ Embassies & Consulates in Jerusalem