|• ISO 259||Mbaśśert Çiyon|
|• Also spelled||Mevasseret Ziyyon (official)|
|• Head of Municipality||Yoram Shimon|
|• Total||6,390 dunams (6.39 km2 or 2.47 sq mi)|
|• Density||3,800/km2 (9,700/sq mi)|
|Name meaning||Herald of Zion (from Isaiah 40:9)|
Mevaseret Zion (Hebrew: מְבַשֶּׂרֶת צִיּוֹן, literal meaning: Herald of Zion – Jerusalem) is a suburb of Jerusalem with the administrative status of a local council. Mevaseret Zion is composed of two distinct older townships, Maoz Zion and Mevaseret Yerushalayim, under the jurisdiction of one local council. The newer neighborhoods of Mevaseret Zion were not part of either settlement.
Mevaseret Zion is located on a mountain ridge 750 m (2,460 ft) above sea level, on the outskirts of Jerusalem. It is 10 km (6 mi) from the city, straddling both sides of the Jerusalem–Tel Aviv highway. In 2019 it had a population of 24,409, spread over 15 neighborhoods. It is the wealthiest municipality per capita in the Jerusalem District. Mevaseret Zion's current mayor is Yoram Shimon.
Due to its strategic location, settlement in the area of Mevasseret Zion goes back to antiquity. The Romans built a fortress there, known as Castellum. On the ruins of this fortress, the Crusaders built a castle, Castellum Belveer, of which no trace remains. Belveer is mentioned in a letter from Eraclius, Patriarch of Jerusalem, dated September 1187, in which he describes the slaughter of Christians "by the sword of Mafumetus the Unbeliever and his evil worshipper Saladin" and the Arab conquest of the town, which was renamed al-Qastal.
During the British Mandate of Palestine, the British referred to this district as "The Castle". The Arabs called it "al-Qastal", pronouncing the "t." The Jews called it "HaCástel" ("the Cástel").
In the 1948 Palestine war, battles took place here as Arabs and Jews fought for control of al-Qastal, which overlooked the main Tel Aviv-Jerusalem highway. Al-Qastal exchanged hands several times in the course of the fighting. The tides turned when the Arab commander Abd al-Qadir al-Husayni was killed. Many of the Arabs left their positions to attend al-Husayni's funeral at the Al-Aqsa Mosque on Friday, April 9. That same day, al-Qastal fell to the Yishuv forces, virtually unopposed.
Maoz Zion ("Stronghold of Zion") was established in 1951 to house new immigrants from Iraq, Kurdistan, North Africa and Iran who had been living in a ma'abara, or transit camp, at the foot of the Castel hill. Many were employed at the nearby Solel Boneh stone quarry.
Mevasseret Yerushalayim was established east of Ma'oz Zion in 1956 by Jewish immigrants from North Africa. It was located on a ridge near the armistice line, north of Motza. The residents worked in the fruit orchards in the Arazim Valley.
Unified local council
In 1963, Maoz Zion and Mevasseret Yerushalayim formed a joint local council, which was called Mevasseret Zion. The source of the name comes from the Book of Isaiah: "על הר גבוה עלי לך מבשרת ציון" - "Ascend a lofty mountain, O herald of joy to Zion" (Isaiah 40:9).
Institutions and landmarks
The Har'el shopping mall is located at the entrance to Mevasseret Zion, near the Har'el interchange. The mall serves the residents of Mevasseret Zion, Maoz Zion, the surrounding communities, as well as travelers on Route 1. The shopping mall which includes some 80 businesses has been joined by the Jerusalem Mall on the other side of the highway at the entrance of Maoz Zion. Businesses included between both malls include Golf, s.wear, Magnolia Jewelers, Castro, Renaur and many others. The world's first kosher McDonald's opened there in 1995. In addition to numerous Orthodox congregations, Mevasseret Zion also has a Reform congregation, Kehillat Mevasseret Zion, founded in 1993.
Mevasseret Zion has 3 secular grade schools, one junior-high school and a high school, "Tichon Har'el". It also holds two religious schools.
The ruins of a medieval structure, Khirbet Beit Mizza, are located in Mevasseret Zion, and were believed by some scholars to be the site of the biblical town of Mozah mentioned in the Book of Joshua (Joshua 18:26), until recent excavations made clear that Mozah of the Hebrew Bible is to be identified with nearby Khirbet Mizzahcode: ara promoted to code: ar , the Arabic name by which the ruins of the Arab village of Qalunyacode: ara promoted to code: ar are known, which were hence named in Modern Hebrew as Tel Mozacode: heb promoted to code: he .
Hapoel Mevaseret Zioncode: heb promoted to code: he plays in Israel's Liga Gimelcode: heb promoted to code: he , Israel's 5th league. It started as Hapoel Mevasseret Zion and then united with Ironi Abu Ghosh, and became the first Israeli team mixed from an Arab village and a Jewish town. In 2007 Mevasseret-Abu Ghosh was united with Hapoel Katamon, and then separated again. The team is built of Arab and Jewish players, and participated in international friendly tournaments for peace. The team plays in local soccer field called "Hamigrash Hayarokcode: heb promoted to code: he ", which means in Hebrew, the green field. The capacity is about 200 people.
Hapoel Mevaseret Zioncode: heb promoted to code: he also plays for Liga Betcode: heb promoted to code: he . The team plays in the local basketball court with a capacity of 300 seats.
- Rachel Adato (born 1947), gynaecologist, lawyer and politician
- Aharon Appelfeld (1932–2018), novelist and Holocaust survivor
- Shlomo Bentincode: heb promoted to code: he (1946–2012), neuropsychologist
- Charlie Biton (born 1947), social activist and former politician
- Ran Cohencode: heb promoted to code: he (born 1937), politician
- Martin van Creveld (born 1946), military historian and theorist
- David Grossmancode: heb promoted to code: he (born 1954), author
- Tzachi Hanegbicode: heb promoted to code: he (born 1957), politician and national security expert
- Mickey Levycode: heb promoted to code: he (born 1951), politician
- Josh Reinstein
- Amnon Shashuacode: heb promoted to code: he (born 1960), computer scientist and businessman
- Yuval Steinitzcode: heb promoted to code: he (born 1958), politician
- Matan Vilnaicode: heb promoted to code: he (born 1944), politician
- "Population in the Localities 2019" (XLS). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 August 2020.
- See Positions on Jerusalem
- Pringle, Denys (1997). Qastal (R15). Secular buildings in the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem: an archaeological gazetteer. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 118.
No trace of any Frankish structures, despite contrary claims.
- Barber, Malcolm (May 19, 2010). Letters from the East: Crusaders, Pilgrims and Settlers in the 12th-13th Centuries. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. ISBN 9780754663560 – via Google Books.
- "Institute of Jerusalem Studies". Archived from the original on March 5, 2008.
- Encyclopaedia Judaica, "Mevasseret Zion", p. 1453
- Vilnay, Zev, Rachel and Oren: The Vilnay Guide to Israel. A new Millenium edition, Vol 1: Jerusalem, Beersheba and Southern Israel, Atlit 1999, p. 208, ISBN 965-90269-0-0
- Correspondent, J. (October 20, 1995). "Observant have little appetite for Israels kosher McDonalds".
- "Volume 118 Year 2006 Mevasseret Zion". www.hadashot-esi.org.il.
- Boas, Adrian J. (May 19, 2010). Domestic Settings: Sources on Domestic Architecture and Day-to-Day Activities in the Crusader States. BRILL. ISBN 978-9004182721 – via Google Books.
- Richard R. Losch (2005). The Uttermost Part of the Earth: A Guide to Places in the Bible. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Eerdmans. ISBN 9780802828057. Retrieved 25 May 2018.
- Finkelstein, Israel; Gadot, Yuval (2015). "Mozah, Nephtoah and royal estates in the Jerusalem highlands". Semitica et Classica. International Journal of Oriental and Mediterranean Studies. Brepols. VIII: 227–234 [227–8]. Retrieved 24 May 2018 – via academia.edu.
- Birnbaum, Ben (5 November 2013). "A Loyal Ally to Netanyahu Moves to Center Stage as Iranian Talks Heat Up". Tablet. Retrieved 11 December 2019.
- "Young Israel of White Plains". www.yiwp.org.
- "** Calabasas Sister Cities - Mevasseret Zion **".
- Municipality website (in Hebrew)
- Harel High School website (in Hebrew)
- Notes on an Iron Age four sheqel scale weight from Mevasseret Yerushalayim