|• ISO 259||Migdal ha ʕemq|
|• Also spelled||Migdal HaEmeq (official)|
|Coordinates: 32°40′17″N 35°14′26″E / 32.67139°N 35.24056°E|
|• Mayor||Eliyahu Barda|
|• Total||7,637 dunams (7.637 km2 or 2.949 sq mi)|
|• Density||3,500/km2 (9,000/sq mi)|
|Name meaning||Tower of the Valley|
Migdal HaEmek (Hebrew: מִגְדַּל הָעֶמֶק, lit. Tower of the Valley, also officially spelt Migdal HaEmeq, Arabic: مجدال هعيمق) is a city in the Northern District of Israel.
In 2021 it had a population of 26,029. There is a tower to the north-east, above the town.
Background and establishment
Prior to 1953, the area nearest to where Migdal HaEmek was founded was an Arab Palestinian village named al-Mujaydil. It had existed there since as early as 1596 during the Ottoman era.
In July 1948 al-Mujaydil was "completely destroyed" in July 1948  due to aerial bombing during the operations conducted by Yishuv Golani Brigade forces, when villagers fled, resulting in its depopulation.  and Migdal HaEmek was built on the razed ruins.
Migdal HaEmek was started in 1953 as a ma'abara for Jews from Arab countries, before becoming a development town. The original site of the ma'abara was west of the current site, at Shimron hill.
In 1959, during Wadi Salib riots, the "Union des Nords-africains led by David Ben Haroush, organised a large-scale procession walking towards the nice suburbs of Haifa creating little damages but a great fear within the population. This small incident was taken as an occasion to express the social malaise of the different Oriental communities in Israel and riots spread quickly to other parts of the country; mostly in towns with a high percentage of the population having North African extraction like in Tiberias, in Beer-Sheva, in Migdal HaEmek".
The chief rabbi of the city is Rabbi Yitzchak Dovid Grossman, who won the Israel Prize in 2004 for his social service work and outreach youth programs. Every year volunteers from Habonim Dror come to Migdal HaEmek to volunteer in the community.
According to CBS, in 2001 the ethnic makeup of the city was all Jewish and "other" non-Arabs. There were 11,900 males and 12,200 females. More recently the Jewish Agency estimated Migdal HaEmek's population at 28,000, almost half foreign-born, from Russia, the Caucasus, Ethiopia, Morocco, Iraq and South America.
According to CBS, there were 22 schools and 5,777 students in the city in 2001: 13 elementary schools (2,995 students), and 2 high schools (2,782 students). 47.8% of 12th grade students qualified for a matriculation certificate in 2001.
Many Israeli and global high tech companies are located in three industrial parks. Among the companies: Tower Semiconductor (foundry), RSL Electronics (Control and Diagnostic solutions for defence and commercial applications ), KLA-Tencor (inspection tools), CI Systems (electro-optical test systems, non contact temperature sensors and wet chemistry analyzers), Nilit (Nylon for textile industry and thermoplastics for industrial and commercial applications), Vishay Intertechnology (discrete and passive semiconductors components), Enzymotec (functional lipids) and Flex (Electronics contract manufacturer).
- Haim Dayan (born 1960), politician
- ^ a b "Regional Statistics". Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 22 February 2023.
- ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 187
- ^ Note that Rhode, 1979, p. 6 Archived 2019-04-20 at the Wayback Machine writes that the register that Hütteroth and Abdulfattah studied was not from 1595/6, but from 1548/9.
- ^ Khalidi, Walid (1992). All That Remains: The Palestinian Villages Occupied and Depopulated by Israel in 1948. Washington D.C.: Institute for Palestine Studies. ISBN 0-88728-224-5. Khalidi (1992), p.350
- ^ Masalha, Nur (2003). The politics of denial: Israel and the Palestinian refugee problem. The University of Michigan: Pluto Press. ISBN 0745321208.
- ^ Institute, For Defence Studies and Analyses (1987). News Review on West Asia, Volume 18. The University of Virginia: Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses. ISBN 0745321208.
- ^ Diana Buttu, 'The Myth of Coexistence in Israel New York Times 25 May 2021.
- ^ Morris, Benny (2004). The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem Revisited. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-00967-6.
- ^ Jeremy Allouche, The Oriental Communities in Israel, 1948-2003, , p.35