|Egyptian Arabic: جَبَل مُوسَىٰ, romanized: Gabal Mūsā|
Arabic: جَبَل مُوْسَى, romanized: Jabal Mūsā
Classical Syriac: ܛܘܪܐ ܕܣܝܢܝ Ṭūrāʾ Dsyny
Ancient Greek: Ὄρος Σινά
Latin: Mons Sinai
Hebrew: הַר סִינַי
|Elevation||2,285 m (7,497 ft)|
|Prominence||334 m (1,096 ft)|
|Native name||طُوْر سِيْنَاء|
Mount Sinai (Hebrew: הַר סִינָֽי Har Sīnay; Aramaic: ܛܘܪܐ ܕܣܝܢܝ Ṭūrāʾ dəSīnăy), also known as Jabal Musa (Arabic: جَبَل مُوسَىٰ, translation: Mountain of Moses), is a mountain on the Sinai Peninsula of Egypt. It is one of several locations claimed to be the biblical Mount Sinai, the place where, according to the Torah, Bible, and Quran, Moses received the Ten Commandments.
It is a 2,285-metre (7,497 ft), moderately high mountain near the city of Saint Catherine in the region known today as the Sinai Peninsula. It is surrounded on all sides by higher peaks in the mountain range of which it is a part. For example, it lies next to Mount Catherine which, at 2,629 m or 8,625 ft, is the highest peak in Egypt.
Mount Sinai's rocks were formed during the late stage of the evolution of the Arabian-Nubian Shield. Mount Sinai displays a ring complex that consists of alkaline granites intruded into diverse rock types, including volcanics. The granites range in composition from syenogranite to alkali feldspar granite. The volcanic rocks are alkaline to peralkaline, and they are represented by subaerial flows and eruptions and subvolcanic porphyry. Generally, the nature of the exposed rocks in Mount Sinai indicates that they were formed at different depths from one another.
Judaism and Christianity
Immediately north of the mountain is the 6th-century Saint Catherine's Monastery. The summit has a mosque that is still used by Muslims, and a Greek Orthodox chapel, constructed in 1934 on the ruins of a 16th-century church, that is not open to the public. The chapel encloses the rock which is considered to be the source for the biblical Tablets of Stone. At the summit also is "Moses' cave", where Moses was said to have waited to receive the Ten Commandments.
The Jabal Musa is associated with the Islamic prophet Musa (Moses). In particular, numerous references to Jabal Musa exist in the Quran, where it is called Ṭūr Saināʾ, Ṭūr Sīnīn, and aṭ-Ṭūr and al-Jabal (both meaning "the Mount"). As for the adjacent Wād Ṭuwā (Valley of Tuwa), it is considered as being muqaddas (sacred), and a part of it is called Al-Buqʿah Al-Mubārakah ("The Blessed Place"). It is the place where Musa spoke to his Lord.[clarification needed]
Saint Catherine's Monastery, looking down from Mount Sinai
The mosque at the summit
The chapel at the summit
Ascent and summit
There are two principal routes to the summit. The longer and shallower route, Siket El Bashait, takes about 2.5 hours on foot, though camels can be used. The steeper, more direct route (Siket Sayidna Musa) is up the 3,750 "steps of penitence" in the ravine behind the monastery.
View from the summit
The last few meters of the climb up the mountain
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- Hanaa M. Salem and A. A. ElFouly, "Minerals Reconnaissance at Saint Catherine Area, Southern Central Sinai, Egypt and their Environmental Impacts on Human Health". ICEHM2000, Cairo University, Egypt, September 2000, pp. 586–98
- "Mount Sinai, Egypt". Places of Peace and Power.
- Jewish Encyclopedia
- Sharīf, J.; Herklots, G. A. (1832). Qanoon-e-Islam: Or, The Customs of the Moosulmans of India; Comprising a Full and Exact Account of Their Various Rites and Ceremonies, from the Moment of Birth Till the Hour of Death. Parbury, Allen, and Company.
- Abbas, K. A. (1984). The World is My Village: A Novel with an Index. Ajanta Publications.
- Quran 23:20
- Quran 95:2
- Quran 2:63–93
- Quran 28:3–86
- Quran 7:103–156
- Quran 20:9–99
- Quran 79:15–25
- Ibn Kathir (2013-01-01). Dr Mohammad Hilmi Al-Ahmad (ed.). Stories of the Prophets: [قصص الأنبياء [انكليزي. Dar Al Kotob Al Ilmiyah (Arabic: دَار الْـكُـتُـب الْـعِـلْـمِـيَّـة). ISBN 978-2745151360.
- Elhadary, Osman (2016-02-08). "11, 15". Moses in the Holy Scriptures of Judaism, Christianity and Islam: A Call for Peace. BookBaby. ISBN 978-1483563039.[permanent dead link]
- "Mount Sinai". AllSinai.info. Archived from the original on 2011-07-18. Retrieved 2006-08-29.
- Mount Sinai travel guide from Wikivoyage
- Caucasian Albanian Alphabet Discovered and Deciphered, Azerbaijan International, Vol. 11:3 (Autumn 2003). Six articles.
- View OF Mount Sinai (as opposed to the view FROM Mount Sinai) Archived 2020-10-10 at the Wayback Machine
- Information about the town of St. Katherine and the Sinai mountains
- A Report on Mount Sinai
- Old maps of Mount Sinai. Eran Laor Cartographic Collection, The National Library of Israel.