Nahalat Shimon (Hebrew: נחלת שמעון. lit. Simeon's Estate) was a Jewish religious neighborhood of about 40 Jewish families in East Jerusalem in the area currently known as Sheikh Jarrah.[a] It was founded in 1891 by Sephardic and Ashkenazi Jewish Kollels, to house poor Yemenite and Sephardi Jews. The cornerstone of the neighborhood was laid in 1890, near the Tomb of Simeon the Just.
Nahalat Shimon was located at the tip of the Kidron Valley, west of the tomb of Simeon the Just. The namesake Jewish settler organization contends that the land was purchased in 1890 and the first homes were built soon after, housing 20 impoverished families, and that by 1947 there were 100 Jewish homes in the neighborhood. In March 1948, due to mounting Arab violence during the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, the British ordered the residents to evacuate within two hours. According to one of the evacuees, Justice Emeritus Michael Ben-Yair, all these Jewish evacuees from Sheikh Jarrah were given Palestinian homes in West Jerusalem in compensation. Meanwhile, the Palestinians who were given housing in the Sheikh Jarrah neighborhood by Jordanian authorities in exchange for in a relinquishing their refugee documents and accompanying rights have no right under Israeli law to repossess their pre-1948 homes in Haifa, Sarafand and Jaffa. The settler organization Nahalat Shimon, registered in Delaware, has pursued the case in Israeli courts for decades, demanding eviction of the Palestinian residents so that Jewish settlers can be housed there.
- Nir Hasson, "Former Attorney General Discovers Settler Group Took Over His Family’s Sheikh Jarrah Home", Haaretz, 15 June 2021
- "Immediate Threat of Eviction of a Palestinian Family from Sheikh Jarrah". Peace Now. December 11, 2021.
- Fendel, Hillel (7 February 2011). "13 New Jewish Homes in Jerusalem". Israel National News. Retrieved 2021-10-06.
- Mathilde A. Tagger, Yitzchak Kerem. Guidebook for Sephardic and Oriental genealogical sources in Israel. p. 44
- Sephardi entrepreneurs in Jerusalem: the Valero family 1800-1948 By Joseph B. Glass, Ruth Kark. p.254
- Yitzhak Reiter and Lior Lehrs (2010). "The Sheikh Jarrah Affair: The Strategic Implications of Jewish Settlement in an Arab Neighborhood in East Jerusalem" (PDF). The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2 May 2021. Retrieved 6 October 2021.
- Daphna Golan-Agnon, Teaching Palestine on an Israeli University Campus: Unsettling Denial, Archived 15 May 2021 at the Wayback Machine Anthem Press 2020 p. 57: "We were given two apartments and a store in Sheikh Bader in exchange for our assets in Sheikh Jarrah. We were not the only ones who were given alternative housing that had belonged to Arabs who had fled. All residents of the Sheeikh Jarrah/Shimon Hatzadik neighbourhood were given alternative housing in property abandoned by Arabs who fled to East Jerusalem (...) One could say with relative certainty that the number of properties abandoned in west Jerusalem was much higher than the number abandoned in east Jerusalem. They were also, in all likelihood, worth more then, and they certainly are today."
- Daphna Golan-Agnon, Teaching Palestine on an Israeli University Campus:Unsettling Denial, Archived 10 July 2021 at the Wayback Machine Anthern Press 2020ISBN 978-1-785-27502-9 p.57.
- Lowry, Willy (19 May 2021). "How US donors fund settler activity in East Jerusalem". The National News. Retrieved 2021-10-07.
- Nahalat Shimon was divided into an eastern section called Karm al-Jaouni, where land was owned by the councils of the Jewish Ashkenazi and Mizrahi communities. Land in the western section, called Umm Haroun, where Ben-Yair’s family lived, was privately owned by Jewish families.