Sidna Omar Mosque

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Sidna Omar Mosque
مسجد سيدنا عمر
PikiWiki Israel 21587 Sidna Omar mosque in Old Jerusalem.JPG
Religion
AffiliationIslam
RiteSunni
Governing bodyJerusalem Waqf[1]
Location
LocationOld City of Jerusalem
Sidna Omar Mosque is located in Jerusalem
Sidna Omar Mosque
Shown within Jerusalem
Geographic coordinates31°46′30″N 35°13′52″E / 31.77500°N 35.23111°E / 31.77500; 35.23111Coordinates: 31°46′30″N 35°13′52″E / 31.77500°N 35.23111°E / 31.77500; 35.23111
Architecture
Typemosque
StyleMamluk
Date establishedBefore[2] or after 1400,[3] Mamluk period
Minaret(s)1

The Sidna Omar Mosque (Arabic: مسجد سيدنا عمر, lit.'Lord Omar mosque') is a Mamluk-era mosque in the Jewish Quarter of the Old City of Jerusalem. It stands adjacent to the Hurva and Ramban Synagogues.[1]

Some time after the Six-Day War, the mosque was closed. After decades closed, the mosque was renovated in 2019 and a new imam was appointed.[4] Due to its location in the Jewish Quarter of the Old City, the mosque's minaret does not possess a sound system.[1]

History[edit]

Location of the mosque, between the Armenian and Jewish quarters, in a 1936 Survey of Palestine map
19th century depiction, described as the "Minaret of Omar", showing a muezzin in the balcony chanting the call to prayer

According to the historian Mujir al-Din, the mosque was renovated after 1397, and funds were collected and land donated to maintain it.[2] Obadiah Bartenura wrote that the mosque had been built by a Jew who had converted to Islam.[4]

In the Six-Day War, the minaret was hit by snipers and was renovated in 1974.[2]

Description[edit]

The minaret is typical of the Mamluk period. It rises two stories high and is topped by a balcony for the muezzin. The upper part of the minaret is narrower than its base in order to stabilize the structure.[2]

Archaeology[edit]

Some columns found inside the mosque have led to it being associated with the Crusader Church of St Martin in the late nineteenth century;[5] according to Burgoyne since the columns are in their secondary use "this tenuous link between the mosque and the church cannot be maintained."[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Yedid, Baruch. "Jordan Reopening Mosque Adjacent to Hurva Synagogue in Heart of Jerusalem's Jewish Quarter". Jewish Press. Retrieved 2022-06-22.
  2. ^ a b c d e Burgoyne (1984). Mamluk Jerusalem: An Architectural Study, p. 513.
  3. ^ Wager, Eliyahu (1988). Ramban Synagogue. Illustrated guide to Jerusalem. Jerusalem: The Jerusalem Publishing House. p. 60.
  4. ^ a b Friedson, Yael (21 November 2011). ""עוד יהיה כאן פיצוץ": בקרוב מסגד בלב הרובע היהודי ("There will be another explosion here": Soon a mosque in the heart of the Jewish Quarter)". Ynet (in Hebrew). A year ago, the King of Morocco renovated the Disi Mosque (the second of the two mosques in the Jewish Quarter), but the residents and the community manager reached quiet agreements with moderate representatives of the Waqf, according to which prayers will be held there - without muezzin calls.
  5. ^ Hanauer, J. E., The Churches of St. Martin and St. John the Evangelist and subsequent letters, Palestine Exploration Quarterly, 1893, pages 301 onwards.