Tomb of Joshua

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Tomb of Joshua
Joshua's Tomb at Kifl Hares.jpg
Tomb of Joshua according to Jewish tradition, Kifl Haris, West Bank
Tomb of Joshua is located in the West Bank
Tomb of Joshua
Shown within the West Bank
LocationKifl Hares, West Bank
Coordinates32°07′07″N 35°09′25″E / 32.118617°N 35.15695°E / 32.118617; 35.15695
TypeMausoleum

The Tomb of Joshua (Hebrew: קבר יהושע בן נון), i.e. the burial site of the biblical figure Joshua, and that of his companion Caleb are, according to a Samaritan tradition noted in 1877, at Kifl Haris[1] in the West Bank. Religious Jews also identify one of the mausolea at Kifl Haris with that of Joshua and thousands of them go there on pilgrimage on the annual commemoration of his death,[2][3] 26th of Nisan on the Hebrew calendar.[4]

The mausoleum at Kifl Haris seen by Jews as the Tomb of Joshua, is known to Muslims as the Maqam of Yusha' ibn Nun (مقام يوشع بن نون; Shrine of Joshua, son of Nun) and as the Maqam of the Servant of Salah ad-Din (Arabic: مقام خادم صلاح الدين; Shrine of the Servant of Saladin).[3] The current structure of the Shrine of Joshua is known to be an Islamic shrine built by Sultan Saladin, which contained on its wall an inscribed plaque stating that "Jawhar bin Abdullah is one of the servants of the shrine."[3] About this man, Palestinian historian Murad Mustafa Dabbagh wrote in his work Biladuna Filastin (Our Country Palestine; 1965) that he performed the pilgrimage on behalf of his master, the martyr Najm al-Din Ayyub, son of Sultan Al-Adil I, and that the Hajj took place in the year 610 AH (1213/14 CE), which places him and the time the shrine was built during the Ayyubid period.[3]

The shrine considered by Jews to be the tomb of Caleb is seen by Muslims to be the maqam of Prophet Dhu al-Kifl, from whom they consider the first part of the town's name to be derived.[3]

The third holy structure in Kifl Haris, standing at some distance[2] in the southwest of the town, is a large open shrine dedicated to Prophet Dhul-Nun, identified with Yunus (Jonah).[3] Jews see in it the tomb of Nun, the father of Joshua.[2]

Wafa Palestine News Agency reports that after the 1967 Six-Day War, the village shrines became a religious destination for Jews, with visits increasingly taking a political and Judaizing character.[3]

Hebrew Bible[edit]

According to the biblical book bearing his name, Joshua died at the age of 110 and his burial site was in a location of his own inheritance at Timnath-serah, which is in the hill country of the Tribe of Ephraim, north of the mountain of Gaash (Joshua 24:30).

Timnath-serah, or Timnath-heres, has been identified by some with the Palestinian village of Kifl Hares,[5] while many place it at Khirbet Tibnah.[6][7][8]

Islam[edit]

There are many local Islamic traditions locating the tomb of "Nabi Yusha'" ('Prophet Joshua') at various sites in Turkey (Joshua's Hill in Istanbul), Israel (Al-Nabi Yusha'), Jordan (near As-Salt), Iran (Isfahan), Iraq (Baghdad), and Lebanon (Miniyeh).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1882, p. 218 - 219
  2. ^ a b c "Tombs of Bible Hero Joshua Opened to Jews". Ezra HaLevi for Arutz Sheva Israel National News (online). 5 July 2006. Retrieved 10 August 2022.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g "مقامات كفل حارس الإسلامية.. تزوير وتدنيس بالغطرسة" [The Islamic shrines of Kifl Haris: Forgery and arrogant desecration]. Alaa Mawqidi for Wafa Palestine News Agency. 18 Dec 2016. Archived from the original on 28 July 2018. Retrieved 10 August 2022.
  4. ^ "Jewish Calendar: Monday, 26 Nissan, 5783". Chabad-Lubavitch Media Center. Retrieved 10 August 2022.
  5. ^ Finkelstein et al, 1997, p. 460
  6. ^ Finkelstein et al., 1997, p. 367
  7. ^ Schürer, E. (1891), p. 158, note 438.
  8. ^ First archaeological dig begins at site believed to be Joshua's tomb, Jerusalem Post, 29 July 2022. Accessed 8 August 2022.

Bibliography[edit]