1992 Israeli legislative election
Elections for the 13th Knesset were held in Israel on 23 June 1992. The election resulted in the formation of a Labor government, led by Yitzhak Rabin, helped by the failure of several small right wing parties to pass the electoral threshold. Voter turnout was 77.4%.
The table below lists the parliamentary factions represented in the 12th Knesset.
|National Religious Party||129,663||4.95||6||+1|
|United Torah Judaism||86,167||3.29||4||−3|
|Arab Democratic Party||40,788||1.56||2||+1|
|Progressive List for Peace||24,181||0.92||0||−1|
|New Liberal Party||16,669||0.64||0||New|
|Pensioners, Immigrants and Senior Citizens||8,327||0.32||0||New|
|Movement for Mortgage Affected, Homeless and Demobilised Soldiers||5,962||0.23||0||0|
|Natural Law Party||1,734||0.07||0||New|
|Source: IDI, Nohlen et al.|
Labour's Yitzhak Rabin formed the twenty-fifth government on 13 July 1992, including Meretz and Shas in his coalition, which had 17 ministers. Hadash and the Arab Democratic Party also supported the government despite not being coalition members. Shas left the coalition in September 1993, and Yiud joined in January 1995.
Rabin's government advanced the peace process to unprecedented levels; the Oslo Accords were signed with Yasser Arafat's PLO in 1993 and the Israel–Jordan peace treaty in 1994. The government's willingness to make peace with Syria and concede the Golan Heights led to Avigdor Kahalani and Emanuel Zisman leaving the party to form the Third Way.
After Rabin's assassination on 4 November 1995, Shimon Peres took over as Prime Minister and formed a new government on 22 November 1995. His coalition was the same as before; Labor, Meretz and Yiud. Peres called early elections in 1996 in order to seek a mandate to continue the peace process, in which he lost.
The Knesset term saw several defections; two MKs left the Labor Party to establish the Third Way, whilst Nava Arad also left the party. Two MKs left Likud to establish Gesher, whilst Efraim Gur also left the party. Three MKs left Tzomet to establish Yiud; one MK then left Yiud to establish Atid. Yosef Azran left Shas. One MK left Moldet to establish Yamin Yisrael, whilst Yosef Ba-Gad also left the party. United Torah Judaism split into Agudat Yisrael (two seats) and Degel HaTorah (two seats).
- 1992 Israeli Labor Party leadership election
- 1992 Israeli Labor Party primary
- 1992 Likud leadership election
- ^ The Israeli Labor Party faction was originally the Alignment faction, but by the time of the 1988 elections, the Alignment electoral alliance had no other member parties other than Labor itself. The parliamentary faction was renamed to reflect this on 7 October 1991.
- ^ Would use מרצ as its symbol in the 1992 elections
- ^ a b c d On 9 March 1992, Ratz, Mapam, and Shinui agreed to run on a common list in the 1992 elections. To ensure this, their respective parliamentary factions all merged into one on the same day.
- ^ Would use קן as its symbol in the 1992 elections
- ^ The New Liberal Party was formed on 15 March 1990 by five Likud defectors, formerly members of the (old) Liberal Party, who were dissatisifed with the Likud's transformation from an electoral alliance between Herut and the Liberal Party into a unitary party. Two of them, Yosef Goldberg and Avraham Sharir, later defected back to the Likud.
- ^ Yitzhak Peretz was elected as an MK for Shas, but defected to form his own faction on 25 December 1990. In the 1992 elections, he ran on the Agudat Yisrael list.
- ^ Would use קל as its symbol in the 1992 elections
- ^ Eliezer Mizrahi was elected as an MK for Agudat Yisrael, but defected to form his own faction in 1990.
- ^ "The 1992 Knesset Elections Revisited" Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs
- ^ Dieter Nohlen, Florian Grotz & Christof Hartmann (2001) Elections in Asia: A data handbook, Volume I, p. 128 ISBN 0-19-924958-X
- ^ "Memory of Rabin likely to influence Israeli elections" CNN, 5 February 1996
- Historical overview of the Thirteenth Knesset Knesset website
- Election results Knesset website