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Ḥ-M-D (Arabic: ح-م-د, Hebrew: ח-מ-ד) is the triconsonantal Semitic root of many Arabic and some Hebrew words. Many of those words are used as names. The basic meaning expressed by the root is "to praise" in Arabic and "to desire" in Hebrew.[1][2]




  • Hamd — "praise", a song or poem in praise of Allah
  • Mahmad — "desire, desirable thing, pleasant thing, beloved, goodly, lovely, pleasant, desirable, precious ones, precious things, precious treasures, treasures, valuable"
  • Mahmud — "desirable, precious thing, pleasant thing"


  • Hemda חֶמְדָּה — "desire, delight, beauty".
  • Nehmad נֶחְמָד — "nice, cute, pleasant, lovely"
  • Hamud חָמוּד — "cute, lovely, sweet, pretty"
  • Mahmad מַחְמָד — "something desirable", as in Hayat Mahmad חַיַּת מַחְמָד "pet" ("desirable animal"), Mahmad Eino מַחְמַד עֵינוֹ "someone's beloved" ("desire of his eyes")
  • Hemed חֶמֶד — "grace, charm"
  • Hamad חָמַד — "desired, coveted", as in Lo Tahmod לֹא תַחְמֹד "Thou shalt not covet"



  1. ^ A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic by Hans Wehr, edited by J. Milton Cowan, fourth edition, 1979 (ISBN 0-87950-003-4), p. 238
  2. ^ A Concise Hebrew and Aramaic Lexicon of the Old Testament by William L. Holladay, 1971, p. 108