Mahane Israel

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Mahane Israel


Mahane Israel (Hebrew: מחנה ישראל, Mahaneh Yisra'el) is the second Jewish neighborhood built outside the walls of the Old City of Jerusalem after Mishkenot Shaananim.[1]


History[edit]

Map

Mahane Israel was the first neighborhood built by residents of the Old City on their own behalf, as part of the expansion of Jerusalem in the 19th century (Hebrew: היציאה מן החומות). Mahane Israel was built by and for Jews from Maghreb (western North Africa). It was established by the Moroccan-born Jewish leader, Rav David Ben-Shimon in 1867.[2] Although the neighborhood was described as very small, it wasn't significantly smaller than other neighborhoods built at the same period. Men studied in different shifts throughout the night in the central shul, Tzuf Devash, for spiritual reasons and also to fend off possible nighttime attacks. Maghrebian Jews at the end of the 19th century numbered more than 2,000 persons, comprising 25% of the entire Sephardic community in Jerusalem.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jerusalem's secret garden finds itself under the bulldozer,Haaretz
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-09-26. Retrieved 2011-01-09.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

Coordinates: 31°46′35.93″N 35°13′17.57″E / 31.7766472°N 35.2215472°E / 31.7766472; 35.2215472


See also[edit]