Nahalat Shiv'a

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Rivlin Street, Nahalat Shiv'a
View of Joel Moshe Solomon Street in the snow, February 2015
Map of Nachalat Shiv'a neighborhood: 1 Hillel Street, 2 Ben Sira St, 3 Jaffa St, 4 Shamai St, 5 Ben Yehuda St, 6 Generali Bldg at Zion Square

Nahalat Shiv'a (Hebrew: נחלת שבעה) is a former courtyard neighborhood in Jerusalem. It was the third Jewish neighborhood built outside the walls of the Old City of Jerusalem in the 1860s. Today it is a crowded pedestrian promenade lined with sidewalk cafes. It is adjacent to the Downtown Triangle of central Jerusalem.

Name[edit]

Nahala is the Hebrew word for heritage or estate. Nahalat Shiv'a means "Estate [of the] Seven", referring to the seven founding families.

History[edit]

Yoel Moshe Salomon graffiti in Nahalat Shiv'a

Nahalat Shiv'a was the third residential neighborhood built outside the city walls. There are two stories regarding the purchase of the land. Yosef Rivlin claimed he raised the money on a trip to Russia in 1859, while Yoel Moshe Salomon claimed it was his idea.[1] Lots were cast and Rivlin won the right to build the first house in the neighborhood.[2] The other five founders were Yehoshua Yellin, Michael Hacohen, Binyamin Salant, Haim Halevi and Aryeh Leib Horowitz.[3]

Upon his engagement in 1856, Rivlin announced his plan to settle outside the Old City Walls, to the dismay of his family. After winning the right to build first, Rivlin chose a spot on the westernmost edge of Nahalat Shiva’s northern boundary.[4]

In 1862, Yoel Moshe Salomon moved his printing press to Nahalat Shiva and ran the business with Michael Hacohen. His first publication was a guidebook. The following year, the press published the country's first Hebrew newspaper, HaLevanon.[5] In 1873, milk cows were imported from Amsterdam and a dairy was opened in Nahalat Shiv'a. A carriage service to Jaffa Gate was inaugurated that summer.[6]

By 1875 there were 50 families in Nahalat Shiv'a.[3] In 1918, there were 861 people in Nahalat Shiv'a living and 253 houses.[3]

The Safrai Gallery was founded in Nahalat Shiv'a in 1935.[7][8]

Cultural landmarks[edit]

The Friends of Zion Museum is located in Nachalat Shiv'a; it is built into a series of the neighborhood's historic stone houses.[3]

Terrorist incidents[edit]

On October 9, 1994, Hamas carried out a shooting spree in Nahalat Shiv'a, using two Palestinian Authority policemen defectors.[9] Two people were killed and 16 wounded. Ma'ayan Levy, 19, and Samir Mugrabi, 35, were killed in the attack.[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "ייסוד נחלת־שבעה וגידולה".
  2. ^ Beginnings of the New City
  3. ^ a b c d "Nahalat Shiva - One of the first neighborhoods outside the old city". fozmuseum. Friends of Zion Museum. Retrieved 13 January 2020.
  4. ^ Nahalat Shiva, a little kingdom outside the walls
  5. ^ Nahalat Shiva, a little kingdom outside the walls
  6. ^ Where Heaven Touches Earth: Jerusalem From Medieval Times to the Present, Dovid Rossoff
  7. ^ Porat, Joan (11 December 1997). "Huge Israeli art show at Wise explodes with color". The American Israelite.
  8. ^ Davidson, Susie (12 January 2012). "Israel gallery owner shows wide sweep of Jewish talent". Jewish Chronicle (Pittsburgh).
  9. ^ Terror in Jerusalem
  10. ^ Fatal Terrorist Attacks in Israel, Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Coordinates: 31°46′49″N 35°13′09″E / 31.780373°N 35.219266°E / 31.780373; 35.219266