Church of Saint Mary of the Germans
|Church of Saint Mary of the Germans|
|כנסיית מרים של הגרמנים|
|Denomination||Roman Catholic Church|
The Church of Saint Mary of the Germans (Hebrew: כנסיית מרים של הגרמנים Latin: Santa Maria Alemannorum or Santa Maria Alemanna) was a Catholic church, built in Romanesque style, now in ruins, located in the Old City of Jerusalem on the northeast slope of Mount Zion.
It was in 1126, after the First Crusade, when a German pilgrim and his wife, whose names are unknown, founded a hospice for pilgrims from the Holy Roman Empire.[dubious ] He joined the Hospice of St. John of Jerusalem. Celestine II sets the rules in 1143, taking the hospital under his protection, but with a right of prior review of the Order of St. John. The building was partly destroyed by the attacks of 1187, and rebuilt in 1229. Frederick II assigned it to the Teutonic Knights in April 1229, but then it went to the Order of St. John by order of Pope Gregory IX. As a result of the capture of Jerusalem in 1244, the hospice and church were left in ruins.
The ruins were discovered in 1872 by T. Drake. They are now partially open as part of a public archaeological park.
- Pringle, D. (2007). St Mary of the Germans, no. 333. The Churches of the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem: A Corpus. Vol. 3: The City of Jerusalem. Cambridge University Press. pp. 228–236. ISBN 978-0-521-39038-5. Retrieved 17 May 2016.
- Demurger, Alain (2005). Caballeros de Cristo: templarios, hospitalarios, teutónicos y demás órdenes militares en la Edad Media, siglo XI a XVI (in Spanish). Universitat de València. p. 49. ISBN 9788433836427. Retrieved 17 May 2016.
- Meistermann, Barnabé (père Barnabé d'Alsace, OFM) (1908). Nueva guía de Tierra Santa: ilustrada con 23 cartas en colores y 116 planos de ciudades y monumentos (in Spanish). Tipografía Franciscana. Retrieved 17 May 2016.
- Santoro, Nicholas J. (2011). Mary In Our Life: Atlas of the Names and Titles of Mary, The Mother of Jesus, and Their Place in Marian Devotion. iUniverse. p. 602. ISBN 9781462040223. Retrieved 17 May 2016.