Dome of the Prophet

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Dome of the Prophet

The Dome of the Prophet (Arabic: قبة النبي, romanizedQubbat an-Nabi), also known as the Dome of the Messenger and the Dome of Muhammed[1] (Turkish: Muhammed Kubbesi) is a free-standing dome located on the Al-Masjid Al-Aqsa enclave, in Jerusalem (known to Muslims as al-Haram al-Sharif).[2] It is located on the northwest part of the elevated platform where the Dome of the Rock stands.[3]

History[edit]

Originally, built during the Umayyad period, the dome was subsequently destroyed by the Crusaders. In 1539, the dome was rebuilt by Muhammad Bey, Ottoman Governor of Jerusalem during the regin of Sultan the Magnificent/Kanuni Sultan Süleyman.[4][5] Its last renovation was in the reign of Sultan Abdul Majid II.[3]

Several Muslim writers, most notably al-Suyuti and al-Vâsıtî claimed that the site of the dome is where Muhammad led the former prophets and angels in prayer on the night of Isra and Mir'aj before ascending to Heaven.[6][1][7][8][9] Endowment documents from the Ottoman period indicate that a portion of the endowment of the al-Aqsa Mosque and Haseki Sultan Imaret [10] was dedicated to maintain the lighting of an oil-lamp in the Dome of the Prophet each night.[11][6]

Architecture[edit]

The Dome of the Prophet's octagonal structure is built atop eight gray marble columns.[12] The dome, which is covered with sheet lead and being without walls,[7] is hemispherical and is supported by pointed arches decorated with red, black and white stones. The ancient mihrab is made of a white marble slab embedded in the floor and surrounded by red-colored stones and subsequently delimited by a low wall, that traditionally opened in the north to allow entrance of Muslim believers heading southward to Mecca in Muslim prayers.[13][11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Kaplony, Andreas (2002). The Ḥaram of Jerusalem (324-1099): Temple, Friday Mosque, Area of Spiritual Power. Zurich: Franz Steiner Verlag. p. 84. ISBN 978-3515079013.
  2. ^ https://www.tika.gov.tr/upload/2016/INGILIZCE%20SITE%20ESERLER/TANITIM%20BRO%C5%9E%C3%9CRLER%C4%B0/PDF/Haram-Ash-sharief-Final-En_2013.pdf[bare URL PDF]
  3. ^ a b "Milestones and Pictures".
  4. ^ Dome of the Prophet Archived 2019-12-18 at the Wayback Machine Noble Sanctuary Online Guide.
  5. ^ Aslan, Halide. "Osmanlı Döneminde Kudüs'teki İlmî Hayat". Journal of Islamic Research. 2015, 26(3):93-9: 94.
  6. ^ a b Uğurluel, Talha (2017). Arzın Kapısı Kudüs. Istanbul: Timaş. p. 289. ISBN 978-605-08-2425-4.
  7. ^ a b Le Strange, Guy (1890). Palestine Under The Moslems. pp. 123, 154, 155.
  8. ^ Armstrong, Karen. "Sacred Space: The Holiness of IslamicJerusalem". Journal of IslamicJerusalem Studies. 1 (1): 5–20.
  9. ^ Çalı, Erol (2018). Hüznün Başkenti Kudüs. İstanbul: Destek Yayınları. p. 249. ISBN 9786053113508.
  10. ^ Haseki Sultan Imaret
  11. ^ a b Al Masjidul Aqsa Site Plan Archived October 6, 2008, at the Wayback Machine Al-Aqsa Friends 2007.
  12. ^ Jacobs, Daniel. Israel and the Palestinian Territories Rough Guides, p.350. ISBN 1-85828-248-9.
  13. ^ Prophet's Dome Archived May 7, 2008, at the Wayback Machine Archnet Digital Library.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 31°46′41.30″N 35°14′06.31″E / 31.7781389°N 35.2350861°E / 31.7781389; 35.2350861