Dome of the Prophet

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The Dome of the Prophet

The Dome of the Prophet (Arabic: قبة النبي, Qubbat an-Nabi), also known as the Dome of the Messenger and the Dome of Muhammed[1] (Turkish: Muhammed Kubbesi) is a free-standing dome in the northern Temple Mount, in Jerusalem (known to Muslims as al-Haram al-Sharif).[2] It is located on the northwest part of the elevated platform where the Dome of the Rock stands.[3]

History[edit]

Originally, the Dome of the Prophet, which dates back to before the Crusader period,[4] was rebuilt by Muhammad Bey, Ottoman Governor of Jerusalem in 1539 its dome, in the time of Kanuni Sultan Süleyman.[5][6] Its last renovation was in the reign of Sultan Abdul Majid II.[3]

Several Muslim writers, most notably al-Suyuti and al-Vâsıtî claimed that the site of the dome is where Muhammad led the former prophets and angels in prayer on the night of Isra and Mir'aj before ascending to Heaven.[7][1][8][9][10] Endowment documents from the Ottoman period indicate that a portion of the endowment of the al-Aqsa Mosque and Haseki Sultan Imaret [11] was dedicated to maintain the lighting of an oil-lamp in the Dome of the Prophet each night.[12][7]

Architecture[edit]

The Dome of the Prophet's octagonal structure is built atop eight gray marble columns.[13] The dome, which is covered with sheet lead and being without walls,[8] is hemispherical and is supported by pointed arches decorated with red, black and white stones. The ancient mihrab is made of a white marble slab embedded in the floor and surrounded by red-colored stones and subsequently delimited by a low wall, that traditionally opened in the north to allow entrance of Muslim believers heading southward to Mecca in Muslim prayers.[14][12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Kaplony, Andreas (2002). The Ḥaram of Jerusalem (324-1099): Temple, Friday Mosque, Area of Spiritual Power. Zurich: Franz Steiner Verlag. p. 84. ISBN 978-3515079013.
  2. ^ https://www.tika.gov.tr/upload/2016/INGILIZCE%20SITE%20ESERLER/TANITIM%20BRO%C5%9E%C3%9CRLER%C4%B0/PDF/Haram-Ash-sharief-Final-En_2013.pdf[bare URL PDF]
  3. ^ a b "Milestones and Pictures".
  4. ^ Elad, Amikam (1999). Medieval Jerusalem and Islamic Worship: Holy Places, Ceremonies, Pilgrimage. Netherlands: Brill. pp. 307, 308. ISBN 9004100105.
  5. ^ Dome of the Prophet Noble Sanctuary Online Guide.
  6. ^ Aslan, Halide. "Osmanlı Döneminde Kudüs'teki İlmî Hayat". Journal of Islamic Research. 2015, 26(3):93-9: 94.
  7. ^ a b Uğurluel, Talha (2017). Arzın Kapısı Kudüs. Istanbul: Timaş. p. 289. ISBN 978-605-08-2425-4.
  8. ^ a b Le Strange, Guy (1890). Palestine Under The Moslems. pp. 123, 154, 155.
  9. ^ Armstrong, Karen. "Sacred Space: The Holiness of IslamicJerusalem". Journal of IslamicJerusalem Studies. 1 (1): 5–20.
  10. ^ Çalı, Erol (2018). Hüznün Başkenti Kudüs. İstanbul: Destek Yayınları. p. 249. ISBN 9786053113508.
  11. ^ Haseki Sultan Imaret
  12. ^ a b Al Masjidul Aqsa Site Plan Archived October 6, 2008, at the Wayback Machine Al-Aqsa Friends 2007.
  13. ^ Jacobs, Daniel. Israel and the Palestinian Territories Rough Guides, p.350. ISBN 1-85828-248-9.
  14. ^ Prophet's Dome Archived May 7, 2008, at the Wayback Machine Archnet Digital Library.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 31°46′41.30″N 35°14′06.31″E / 31.7781389°N 35.2350861°E / 31.7781389; 35.2350861